According to INS, last years’ modifications occurred in the structure of production in the sense of the increase of the weight held by vegetal production to 68.6 pc and the decrease of animal production to 30.4 pc.
Romanian agriculture is one of the economic sectors with the highest development potential, which is capable of contributing, alongside other industries, to growth rates allowing the economy to bridge the gaps that separate it from the European Union average.
Thus, the agricultural output of last year amounted to a value of RON 78.4 billion (EUR 18 billion), up 24.5 percent compared to 2012, with vegetal output accounting for 68.6 pc of the total, respectively RON 53.8 billion, 38.8 percent more than the previous year, the National Statistics Institute (INS) announced yesterday, which is a new all time high.
According to Institute’s data, in 2013 modifications occurred in the structure of production in the sense of the increase of the weight held by vegetal production to 68.6 percent (RON 53.8 billion), from 62.5 percent in 2012, and the decrease of animal production to 30.4 percent (RON 23.8 billion), from 36.7 percent. The share held by agricultural services, of 1 pc (RON 744 million), does not present significant modifications compared to the previous year. The structure in terms of value of the vegetal output, on the main groups of crops, is different during the two years. Thus, in 2013 compared to 2012, the share held by the crops of cereals and potatoes increased by 5.8 percent to 37 percent, respectively by 3.1 percent to 10.6 percent, while that of oily plants advanced from 7.7 percent to 9.2 percent. The three categories on the rise account for almost 57 percent of the value of the vegetal output. Meanwhile, the share held by vegetable crops and watermelons diminished by 5.7 percent to 15.1 percent, fodder plants went down 2.5 percent to 10.4 percent, while fruits and grapes reduced by 2.1 percent to 8.9 percent.
The structure in terms of value of animal production on main groups of products presents small differences from the previous year. The share of the pigs category advanced by 1.6 percent, bovines and poultry dropped by 3.1 percent, respectively 2.1 percent.
The bulk of the animal output is represented by products obtained from the processing of milk in animal farms – 27.7 percent, followed by bovines – 24.6 percent, poultry – 20.3 percent, pigs – 18.7 percent, sheep and goats – 5.4 percent and silkworms, bees, horses – 3.3 percent.
The value of agricultural services increased by almost a third last year, to EUR 170 million. Agriculture contributed 5.6 percent to Romania’s GDP formation in 2013 and 1.1 percentage points to the 3.5 percent GDP growth, INS data shows.
For the 2014–2020 programming period, the Rural Investments Funding Agency (AFIR) will receive approx. EUR 10 billion: EUR 8.1 billion from the European Union and 20 percent national co-financing, Nicolae Popa, deputy director of AFIR, announced recently. The project submission, assessment, and contracting procedures will be simplified by enforcing a period of no more than three months between the assessments and contracting stages.