- Booming economy: increase in turnover by +4.2%
- Poland wins again, Czech Republic climbs up to the second rank fol-lowed by Hungary
- Sectors: 12 of 13 sectors with increase in turnover, only oil & gas still in trouble
2015 was a good year for Central and Eastern Europe. The average GDP growth was 3.3%, after 2.6% in 2014. Private consumption was rising due to declining unemployment and increasing wages. EU funds supported investments. In short: CEE was faced with a booming economy. But how did the largest businesses perform?
The international credit insurance company Coface presents its eight annual study on the Top 500 companies in Central and Eastern Europe: the Coface CEE Top 500. The study ranks the 500 largest businesses in the region by their turnover and analyses additionally further facts such as number of employees, the framework of the companies, sectors and markets.
“The developments in the ranking of the Top 500 companies illustrate the economic conditions of the past year – and it was a successful one” explains Katarzyna Kompowska, Coface Region Manager Central and Eastern Europe. “Economies benefited from rising domestic demand, due to growing private consumption (supported by declining unemployment and rising wages), as well as from increasing investments in most economies. Positive export rates were achieved, thanks to the gradual recovery of the CEE’s main trading destination, the Eurozone (where GDP growth rose by +1.6%) and important support through EU funding. The ensemble of these factors made 2015 a year of sound growth for businesses. As a result, the Top 500 companies finished 2015 with increased turnovers and stable employment rates.”
Top 500 players: increase in turnover, modest recruiting
The CEE Top 500 companies increased their turnover by 4.2%, to nearly EUR 593 billion, with an enormous rise of +73.7% in net profits, to reach EUR 26.9 billion. The largest companies in CEE remain very important employers for the region. Overall, 4.3% (+0.5%) of the region’s total labour force is employed by companies in the CEE Top 500. This has a positive effect on employment rates.
Top 3 countries: private consumption as the economic driver
Poland, by far the largest economy in the region, is home to most of the top players in CEE. Due to its strong domestic demand, it weathered the financial crisis relatively well. In total, 167 Polish companies are represented in the top 500 ranking, although this is nine less than in 2014. The Polish economy has been delivering very solid growth rates, of above 3%, since 2014.
The Czech Republic is the country with the highest growth rate (+4.5%) in CEE. It also has one of the lowest unemployment rates in the entire EU (5.1%). The Czech Republic takes second place in the ranking. Public investment boosted the economy, as did efficient use of funds from the previous EU budget. 71 Czech businesses are present in the Top 500 CEE companies. This is the fourth consecutive year that the country has increased its presence in the listing. Total turnover grew by +3.1% and net profits by +16.9%, to reach EUR 4.9 billion.
Hungary remains on the podium but has lost one position. In total, 69 Hungarian companies are represented in the listing – four fewer than in 2014. Nevertheless, the remaining Hungarian giants reported the highest turnover growth of all countries, at +13.8%. The country has enjoyed solid growth rates since its recession in 2012 and reported +2.9% in 2015.
Sectors: minerals, chemicals, petroleum, plastics & pharma is the only negative per-former
A continuing positive trend was registered by the majority of the sectors in the CEE Top 500. 12 out of 13 sectors increased their turnovers compared to the previous year. Strong rises were achieved by textiles, leather & clothing, with +14.8%, while automotive & transport registered +10.3%. The traditionally most important sector in the ranking remains minerals, chemicals, petroleum, plastics & pharma, accounting for 111 companies out of 500. Nevertheless, this is the only sector that registered a decrease in turnover (-8.3%), due to the negative effects of the oil crisis.
Favourable business conditions are continuing in 2016. “The forecast for the CEE region in 2016 is nearly at the same level as 2015, with an estimated average growth rate of 3.0%. Further improvements in the labour market and growing confidence will strengthen household consumption as the main growth driver for CEE economies” adds Grzegorz Sielewicz, Senior Economist Central and Eastern Europe. “The contribution of investments will not be as high as last year, due to a slow start to new EU co-financed projects, which is weakening the expansion of the construction sector and various other industries connected with it. On the external side, CEE countries will remain active exporters – although the slowdown of global trade could hamper their ambitions.”
With 63 companies compared to 59 in 2014, Romania, along Poland, dominates the agricul-ture, meat, agro-food, and wines sector, with 7 companies in the ranking, respectively 19. Within CEE, Romanian companies represent 7%, while in Top 500 CEE, our country repre-sents 12%.
Among Romanian companies, we mention Automobile Dacia, followed by OMV Petrom Mar-keting SRL and OMV Petrom SA. The indebtedness of the players presented in the ranking is stable with an average of 38.4% (2015), 38.8% (2014), 38.3% (2013); the companies ranked are 18 years old on the market.
The sectors in which they operate the most Romanian businesses are minerals, chemicals, petroleum, plastics and pharma, as well as automotive and transport, and agriculture, meat, agro-food and wines.
“We are glad to announce a strengthening of the level of trust within both the business envi-ronment and the industries. The strengths forces of Romania, agriculture and automotive, consolidated our position within the Top 500, but we hope to make some progresses next year, taking into consideration the Romanian position compared to the region analysed by both the GDP and the improvement of the business environment assessment from B to A4.”, said Eugen Anicescu (photo), Country Manager Coface Romania.