Regarding the article with the title Doklam: India-China incident, published in Nine O’clock on Wednesday 26 July 2017, the Embassy of China in Romania would like to clarify the following facts to eliminate any sort of misunderstanding:
First of all, there is no territorial dispute at the spot of the China-India Standoff Incident known as Donglang, which is on the Chinese side of the Sikkim section of the China-India boundary. The Sikkim section of the China-India boundary is long-defined, a fact recognized and maintained by the two sides for 127 years without any dispute. It is the only delimited section of the China-India boundary, which is totally different from the undefined eastern, central and western sections. According to the article one of the Convention between Great Britain and China Relating to Sikkim and Tibet (1890), “the boundary of Sikkim and Tibet shall be the crest of the mountain range separating the waters flowing into the Sikkim Teesta and its affluents from the waters flowing into the Tibetan Mochu and northwards into other rivers of Tibet. The line commences at Mount Gipmochi on the Bhutan frontier, and follows the above-mentioned water-parting to the point where it meets Nipal territory.” It provides solid legal evidence to support the delimitation of the Sikkim section of the China-India boundary, thus it is without any doubt that the spot where the Indian border troops trespassed is on the Chinese side of the boundary.
Both China and the successive Indian governments recognize that the Sikkim section has been delimited. It has been confirmed by the Indian leader, the relevant Indian government document and the Indian delegation at the special representatives’ meeting with China on the boundary question that India and China share common view on the 1890 convention’s stipulation on the boundary alignment at the Sikkim section. Since the founding of the People’s Republic of China and the independence of India, successive governments of both sides have all recognized the effectiveness of the above-mentioned convention and repeatedly confirmed that in a series of official documents and talks. This convention is effective and binding for both China and India.
Therefore, the nature of the China-India Standoff Incident is that Indian border troops illegally crossed the already delimited Sikkim section of the China-India boundary into the Chinese territory, which is essentially different from the past frictions between the two sides in sections that are yet to be delimited.
China has been in contact with India for the settlement of the boundary question through the meeting mechanism of the special representatives. But what happened this time goes against the spirit upheld by the mechanism and is inconsistent with the previous efforts the two sides have made. It is very clear who is right and who is wrong regarding this issue, and the solution to this issue is simple, which is that the Indian troops back out honestly.