November 1, 1954 – November 1, 2017, 63 years since the outbreak of a long and painful fight that has made a million and a half Algerian victims. This struggle led Algeria to its independence on July 5, 1962, and allowed the Algerian people to break out of the colonial night and the infamous code of indigeneity. His valiant resistance and dignity have won him admiration, consideration and esteem across the world for large sections of international public opinion.
Independence has found a battered country that has, with the support of many friendly countries including Romania, overcome many challenges that have allowed it today to regain stability and engage in a broad process of political reforms and economic development.
Algeria has undergone profound changes through sometimes painful political, institutional, economic and social reforms.
At the political level and since 1989, our system has undergone many changes that are in line with good governance and the democratization of public life.
On the security front, the policy of Civil Concordance and National Reconciliation, so dear to President Bouteflika and approved by referendum by the Algerian people, helped my country get out of the terrorist spiral and become a country whose stability is recognized. However, Algeria maintains a high level of vigilance because many states in our region unfortunately continue to face this horrible plague.
Regional instability remains a major concern and much effort is being made to strengthen the security of our borders. This is why Algeria is working to strengthen national, regional and international instruments to fight terrorism and transnational organized crime. Indeed, the correlation between these two plagues is no longer to be demonstrated.
In a country where 70% of the population is under the age of 30, economic development is decisive for consolidating democracy and stability and for creating wealth and jobs. However, Algeria is currently facing the collapse of oil prices. If the country has financial reserves, and a debt ratio almost zero, an indispensable economic transition is underway. This is why, in July 2016, we adopted a new model of economic growth, focused on the control of public spending and support for productive investment.
Our vision is to favor partnerships for structuring projects and to develop the national industrial and productive base in a favorable regulatory, economical and financial environment that facilitates the economic operators to capture the know-how and the financing possibilities available on the domestic market or the international one.
After the last two five-year plans (2004-2009 and 2009-2014), which saw the completion of major infrastructure projects, Algeria is now setting its sights on the development of its industry.
By promoting this concept of “industrial partnership”, the Algerian Government gives priority to equitable and long-term industrial subcontracting relations as well as the specialization and technological expertise of subcontractors. Subcontracting now represents a masterpiece of industrial and commercial policies in Algeria and stands out as a strategy synonymous with competitive advantages.
It is, to my mind, in this direction that the Algerian and Romanian business communities must combine their efforts by making their economic partnership prosper and by demonstrating that a win-win relationship is possible.
Efforts have also been made to open up the Algerian economy internationally (membership of the Arab Free Trade Area in 2009, negotiations to join the WTO) without forgetting the entry into force of the association with the EU in 2005, which is a courageous opening, considering the beneficial repercussions for the EU countries but unfavorable for our balance of payments. Especially since the other part of this agreement, namely the movement of people has not experienced the same growth as that of the movement of goods. Energy cooperation between Algeria and the EU is worth highlighting. The various supply routes through Italy and Spain, which benefit the transit countries (Tunisia and Morocco), have made Algeria an important partner, but, above all, a reliable partner. It must be remembered that even at the worst moments of its fight against terrorism, supplies were assured.
Maghreb and African cooperation remains a major axis of Algerian foreign policy through its active presence in the main regional organizations and the implementation of structuring economic projects (gas pipelines, trans-Saharan road, electricity export, optical fiber).
The Romanian Foreign minister, who will visit Algeria in December, will certainly be accompanied by a delegation of businessmen. This visit will, I hope, be the prelude to a revitalization of our relations in all areas and at all levels.