Ponta and Basescu exchange tough words over census results


The 2011 census indicate that the referendum for the impeachment of President  Basescu
in July last year had reached the 50 per cent turnover requirement for being valid, PM Ponta said.Basescu retorts, calling the premier “irresponsible”.

The census results indicate that the referendum for the impeachment of President Traian Basescu in July last year had reached the minimum turnover requirement for being valid, PM Ponta said on Thursday, asking the minister of interior and administration to adjust the entire existing legislation to the new demographic reality. ‘I have also seen the final results of the census. Better later than never. It turns out we were over 50 per cent on July 29, those who organised the <coup d’etat> as some of the more retarded would say, but this doesn’t help us much now’, Ponta said during the Cabinet meeting. 16,269,839 persons belonging to Romania’s stable population are 18 and over.
The Statistics body claims however that this is not also the total of Romanians who are entitled to vote, this figure not being released together with the final results on the population stemming from the 2011 census, on Thursday.
President Traian Basescu did not hesitate to respond to the PM, saying that Ponta was still the same ‘irresponsible person’ if he had said, after looking at the INS data, that the mandatory quorum for his impeachment had been reached in the
referendum.
According to the Census, Romania’s stable population was 20,121,641 people, on October 20, 2011, of whom 10,333,064 women (51.4 percent). Compared to the situation found out at the previous census, the stable population decreased by 1,559,300 persons, of whom 779,200 women, mainly due to external migration. Statistics show that 1,883,400 people were living in Bucharest.

Population distribution by area of residence show that 10,859,000 people were living in cities and municipalities, accounting for 54.0 percent of the total stable population. Compared to the situation revealed by the penultimate census, the share of stable urban population increased by 1.3 percentage points at the expense of rural areas.
On October 20, 2011, the structure of the population in terms of age showed a share of 15.9 percent of children aged 0-14 of the total stable population. Young population (15-24 years) accounts for 12.3 percent, mature people (25-64 years old) make up the majority (55.7 percent) and people aged 65 and over account for 16.1 percent of the total.
Persons aged 85 years and over hold a share of 1.3 percent of the total stable population.
Also, as many as 16,792,900 citizens (88.9 percent) of Romania’s total stable population of 20,121,641 declared themselves Romanians. According to INS, the census found the Hungarian ethnic population is 1,227,600-strong (6.5 percent of the population), while 621.600 persons declared themselves as belonging to the Roma ethic group (3.3 percent). Ethnic groups with over 20,000 members include Ukrainians (50,900), Germans (36,000), Turks (27,700), Lipovan Russians (23,500), and Tatars (20,300 people). From the census conducted in 2002, the share of the Roma population increased from 2.5 percent to 3.3 percent, while that of ethnic Germans dropped from 0.28 percent to 0.20 percent.
The population’s structure by mother tongue showed that Romanian is the main language spoken by 90.9 percent of the total population during childhood, while for 6.7 percent the mother tongue is Hungarian. Next in the statistics are Romani – reported as mother tongue by 1.3 percent of the population and Ukrainian – 0.3 percent. Turkish, Russian or Tartar are each the mother tongue for one in 1,000 persons of the stable population. A share of 0.5 percent of the stable population reported as mother tongue a different language than those mentioned before.
As many as 18,861,000 people declared their religious beliefs at the 2011 census. According to INS, 86.5 percent of this category said they are Orthodox, 4.6 percent declared they are Roman-Catholics, 3.2 percent said they are Reformed believers, and 1.9 percent Pentecostal. Religious groups with weights between 0.4 percent – 0.8 percent were Greek-Catholics (0.8 percent), Baptists (0.6 percent) and Seventh-day Adventists (0.4 percent). The persons professing “no religion” or self-identifying as atheists represent 0.2 percent of the total population.
As for the structure by the level of education, INS data shows that of the total stable population aged above 10, 44.2 percent have a low education level (primary, secondary education or no degree at all), 41.4 percent have medium-level education (post-secondary, secondary, vocational or technical foremen) and 14.4 percent reported a third-level education. On October 20, 2011 there were 245,400 illiterate people in Romania. During the past ten years the number of graduates from third-level education has doubled.
As for the number of people who left for abroad for at least one year but who are not part of the stable population, this is 727,500.
Nevertheless, the over-18-year-old Romanians part of the country’s stable population totalled 16,269,839 in Oct. 2011. The top-six counties by stable population numbers are Iasi (772,300 persons), Prahova (762,900), Cluj (691,100), Constanta (684,100), Timis (683,500) and Dolj (660,500).

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