The facilities for energy production from renewable sources reached a total capacity of 4,670 MW at the end of June, 2014, according to the data supplied by Transelectrica.
Thus the grid recorded wind power facilities with a 2,769 MW capacity, photovoltaic parks with a total capacity of 1,241 MW, micro hydro power plants of 560 MW capacity and biomass-based facilities with a total power of 100 MW.
At the end of last year, the grid recorded facilities for energy production from renewable sources with a total capacity of 4,349 MW.
The energy producers from renewable sources receive subsidies in the form of green certificates, which all consumers pay for, the household consumers, included, that are separately displayed on the monthly electricity invoice.
Romania assumed that 24 per cent of the final gross energy consumption in 2020 should come from renewable sources, but the National Energy Regulatory Authority (ANRE) announced this target had already been reached on January 1, 2014. Therefore, in 2014 the compulsory quota for green energy purchase was kept at 11.1 per cent, same as in 2013, compared with 15 per cent, as much as it should have been this year.
According to GEO 57/2013, the photovoltaic receive only four green certificates per MWh, compared with six, as they received until July 1, 2013. The wind power facilities benefit only from one certificate out of two and the micro hydro power plants, from two certificates out of three.
Moreover, the new facilities connected to the power grid after January 1, 2014, receive fewer subsidies from the start. According to Government Resolution 994/2013 of December 2013, new photovoltaic parks receive only half of the subsidies granted so far, namely three certificates out of six.
In the case of wind power parks, the number of green certificates is reduced by 0.5 until 2017 and by 0.25 starting with 2018. Therefore, new investors will benefit only from 1.5 green certificates until 2017 and 1.75 green certificates starting 2018.
Moreover, the micro hydro power plants receive by 0.7 percent less green certificates per MWh, namely only 2.3 certificates for new plants.