The Government approved on Thursday, through a memorandum, Romania’s participation, as a host member state, in the Extreme Light Infrastructure European Research Infrastructure Consortium (ELI-ERIC), according to a press release.
40 research and educational institutions from 13 European countries have taken part in the Extreme Light Infrastructure (ELI) project adopted at EU level and supported by the European Commission. ELI will be the world’s most advanced infrastructure for the study of extreme photonic radiation.
On 21 November 2008, Romania presented her candidacy for the construction of ELI at Magurele, Ilfov County. The project’s Board decided and validated the construction of ELI at three locations: Czech Republic, Romania and Hungary. The three locations will feature high-power ultra-short pulse lasers. In addition to that, the centre in Magurele will have an instrument that will generate photonic radiation (gamma radiation) with unique characteristics in terms of energy, brightness and bandwidth. The construction of the three centres is financed from structural funds, in line with the financing decisions approved by the European Commission, the Government’s communique points out.
Romania is represented within ELI-ERIC by the ‘Horia Hulubei’ Physics and Nuclear Engineering Institute for Research and Development.
“As an ELI-ERIC host member state, Romania will contribute to the improvement of the scientific research domain at national level, will consolidate the Romanian research sector’s involvement in the European and international circuit, in the technological transfer and development that represents the main preoccupation of global and European research. Likewise, it will create the premises for developing the transfer of technology and of stimulating economic development by attracting investors, including the development of scientific and technological parks and industrial parks,” the Government’s communique reads.
ELI-NP is a very complex facility which will host two machines of extreme performances: a very high intensity laser with two 10 PW lasers; a very intense (~1013 γ/s), brilliant γ beam, ~ 0.1 % bandwidth, with E γ > 19 MeV, which is obtained by incoherent Compton back scattering of a laser light off an intense electron beam (Ee> 700 MeV) produced by a warm LINAC.
ELI-NP will create a new European laboratory to consistently investigate a very broad range of science domains, from new fields of fundamental physics, new nuclear physics and astrophysics topics, to applications in material science, life sciences and nuclear materials management.