The restructuring process of the fiscal apparatus will continue until 2018 at latest


Interview with Gelu Stefan Diaconu, President of A.N.A.F.

ANAF still undergoes a reorganisation process, as you mentioned last February. What does this actually mean and what is the stage of the modernisation project now? When will this process be complete?
During 2013, a large-scale and complex process started, aimed at reorganising the fiscal administrative apparatus. The elements of novelty with regard to the organisation structure are represented by the adoption of the regional level, the disbanding of the Financial Guard and the founding of the General Department against Fiscal Fraud which, in turn, has its own regional structures, securing the autonomy of the General Customs Department and implementing a new strategy of human resources and simplifying the decision-making process. The supporting functions, as well as the quality of tertiary credit taker were withdrawn from county structures and were transferred to the regional level (by partially merging the support functions and taking over budgetary execution, inventories, archives etc.) The number of top management positions has been significantly reduced as well. Following the reorganisation process, the total number of jobs in the National Agency of Fiscal Administration was reduced from 28,904 to 27,100.
At the same time, there has been a reorganisation of the available personnel in view of optimising the ratio between the volume of activity in certain domains/processes or structures and the pertinent staff, in view of achieving a balance between demands and availabilities, eliminating the staffing deficit in certain sectors by relocating personnel from other sectors where there is an excess. I am permanently preoccupied with consolidating the reform process of the fiscal apparatus initiated last year and still going on in certain activity sectors of the Agency, I systematically analyse the obtained results and make the due adjustments when they are necessary.
According to the commitments made by the Government of Romania in relation to international financial institutions, the process of restructuring the fiscal apparatus will continue until 2018 at latest, by reducing the number of fiscal units and limiting the territorial presence to 47 public finance administrations.
Under what auspices do we find ANAF in 2014? Generically speaking, will it be another year of reform?
Achieving the priority purpose of the institution, which is the increase of the efficiency of collection and effectiveness in combatting fraud and tax evasion imposed the need of restructuring the fiscal administration.
The reorganisation of ANAF is still going on, for 2014 we have as main targets the operationalisation of the general department against fiscal fraud; continuing the reorganisation measures of the institution by holding recruitment contests, in parallel with organising sessions of professional training that assure the integration of recruited persons and their rapid understanding of the profile of the institution and the activity conducted by the general department; modifying the VAT refund procedure and the methodological framework applicable to the fiscal records of taxpayers in view of drastically limiting the acts of tax evasion.
You became the chief of ANAF in April 2013. In what situation did you find the Agency and what are the most important / efficient achievements? And what strategy will you enforce in 2014?
In 2013, new programmatic documents were adopted in view of continuing the modernisation and reform of the institution. Starting from the Ruling Programme 2013-2016, a new medium-term strategy was drafted for 2013-2017 that sets three major objectives for us: firmly combatting tax evasion, improving the voluntary compliance and increasing the efficiency of collection, objectives which on one hand contain part of the multiannual commitments of past years, and on the other answer the development and organisation needs of fiscal administration.
Also in 2013, there was launched the strategy regarding the services provided to taxpayers, whose drafting appeared as a necessity in improving the diversifying the range of current services provided to taxpayers, the end purpose being to increase voluntary compliance and fiscal incomes.
The budgetary incomes achieved by ANAF in 2013 (RON 173,154.4 M) were 3.2 pc above the level of incomes achieved in 2012.
The degree of voluntary compliance of statements was 93.1 pc in 2013, up 2.7 pp against the previous year, respectively 5.8 pp against 2011. The degree of voluntary compliance to payment for the last two years went up 3.9 pp (from 77.9 pc in 2011 to 81.8 pc in 2013). Compared to 2012 (79.8 pc) the increase was by 2.0 pc.
The intensification of actions aimed at improving the collection of budgetary claims by applying the recovery levers regulated by normative documents on fiscal administration continued in 2013 as well. At the end of 2013, recoverable arrears to the budgets administered by ANAF registered a decrease of 16.6 pc from 31 December 2012. As share of the Gross Domestic Product, arrears to be recovered to the budgets administered by ANAF dropped from 3.1 pc at 31 December 2012 to 2.4 pc at the end of 2013.
In August 2013 started the implementation of the Fiscal Administration Modernisation Project (RAMP), based on a EUR 70 M loan accord signed with the World Bank, which targets the modernisation of the activity of the whole system.
In 2014, except for the attention granted to the project with the World Bank, we will focus on combatting the VAT fraud, especially intra-community fraud, on strengthening the operative control; implementation of pilot projects aimed at diminishing illegal labour in the Brasov and Prahova regions, and recovering the arrears owed by the medium-sized taxpayers from Bucharest and the Ilfov County.
What can you tell us about the fiscal inspections you started in 2013? And what about their results?
From the analysis of the main performance indicators of fiscal inspection one can notice a substantial increase of the value of supplementary established sums and of the losses pertaining to the criminal complaints filed in relation to the findings of fiscal inspections that might evince elements of a crime.
Analysing the results of the fiscal inspection activity for 2013 compared to the previous year, taking into consideration the main indicators, one can observe, on one hand, an increase by 42.85 pc of the dues established in 2013 compared to 2012, the increase being achieved even with fewer inspections, and on the other the increase of losses pertaining to the criminal complaints filed in relation to the findings of fiscal inspections that might evince elements of a crime to RON 5,928.12 M against RON 4,502.11 M (an increase of 31.77 pc).
Thus, although the number of fiscal inspections conducted in 2013 diminished from 2012, when correlated with the increase of fiscal obligations established supplementary in 2013 against 2012 it results an increase of verifications’ efficiency and a better selection in terms of control.

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