Ukraine – questions still with no answer (I)


What happened last week at Kiev and in Ukraine gives the measure of how history speeds up these days. With a rapidity which can be explained only by the profound global revolution produced by the internet and the pertaining globalisation, in just days, practically from Tuesday until Friday (February 18-21), an entire political system collapsed, government authorities evaporated and other authorities took their place at the helm of the state. This is a European state with 46 million inhabitants and a huge economic potential. The constitution of 2004 was reinstated, which gives powers to the national legislative, to the detriment of the president, and the parliament already took the first measures. It elected an interim president, as the previous one, Viktor Yanucovich ran to Kharkov where he raises armed militias, denouncing the new regime which it accuses of having staged a coup. The new government will take over the administration of the state this week, while there is also talk about a new parliament, given the dissolution of the former ruling Party of Regions, whose lawmakers emigrate to other parties, plus the representatives of Russian-speaking eastern regions met Saturday in Kharkov. Yulia Timoshenko, the opponent of Yanukovich, was released from prison Sunday and delivered an address to the EuroMaidan protesters, which was met with some reservation. In fact, a new political dynamic began in Ukraine.
First in Kiev. Protesters have not been evacuated from the EuroMaidan and assumed the mission of monitoring how their demands are fulfilled. The agreement signed Friday night by the opposition with President Yanukovich, mediated by the Foreign Affairs ministers of Germany, France and Poland and a Russian official, which provided a peaceful solution to the crisis by forming a grand coalition government and holding presidential elections this year (probably in December) was invalidated (it did not bear the signature of the Russian mediator) when the president ran to Kharkov shortly after that. He is now searched by police under the accusation of illegally using force.
Then, another dynamic was installed in various regions of Ukraine. In the East, a meeting was already held Saturday – proving that it had been prepared in due time, as it was attended by approximately 4,500 delegates, which hints to a synchronisation with the bloody repressin in Kiev – regrouping the authorities from the pro-Russian and pro-Yanukovich regions of Ukraine, which denounced the measures taken by the authorities newly installed in the capital. In Crimea, which was attached by N.S. Khrushchev to Ukraine in 1954, there are certain tendencies of secession and reuniting with to Russia. The idea is also evident in other parts of the traditionally pro-Russian east. In the west of the country, authorities were replaced in some towns, where police and other structures of force joined the new revolutionary political current.
As a whole, in the Ukrainian politics the dynamic is about coagulating some obvious pressures toward the objective of fragmenting/dividing the state in East and West, with some form of leadership under the Russo-European condominium of a confederation. In Kiev, the central government goes to great length in order to secure its authority toward these secessionist tendencies, in order to preserve the unity and independence of the state. Where is this internal political dynamic heading to? This is one of the capital questions that await an answer. At the level of international relations, the big powers initiated a rapid dynamic of jointly acting in order to avoid the start of a devastating war on the old continent, which is not at all impossible, according to some scenarios. The big powers interested in the issue are, obviously, Russia, EU and USA, the last two being mirrored, as it is normal at a time of serious crisis, also in the position of NATO.

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