US duo James Rothman and Randy Schekman and German-born Thomas Suedhof (who all work at US universities ) won the Nobel Medicine Prize on Monday for “for their discoveries of machinery regulating vesicle traffic, a major transport system in our cells”, the jury said. The Nobel committee said the research deepened understanding of how disruptions in the transport of cells contribute to neurological diseases, diabetes and immunological disorders. For example, their research sheds light on how insulin is manufactured and released into the blood at the right place at the right time, the Nobel committee said in the statement.
Rothman is professor at Yale University, Schekman is a professor at the University of California at Berkeley, while Suedhof is a professor at Stanford University.“These beautiful discoveries have importance for the understanding of the human body and obviously implications for diseases in various organs such as the nervous system, diabetes and immune disorders,” Jan-Inge Henter, professor of clinical child oncology at the Karolinska Institute, said at a news conference.
Medicine is the first of the Nobel prizes awarded each year.