50 days after the Easter, Orthodox believers celebrate the Whitsuntide, also called the Pentecost, or the Fiftieth Day, commemorating the descent of the Holy Spirit, one of the great Imperial Feasts of our Saviour, when the first Christian community, the nucleus of the Christian Church was funded.
The holiday is celebrated ten days after the Ascension and 50 days after the Easter, when the celebrated event took place and the Jew celebrated the commemoration of the Fiftieth Day. It is, at the same time, the celebration of the foundation of the Christian Church as, this day, due to the impressive speech by the Holy Apostle Peter, approximately 3,000 souls decided to convert to Christianity and became the first Christian community in Jerusalem, the nucleus of the Christian church.
In the day that precedes the Pentecost, the Summer Fair or the Whitsuntide Fair is held, offering people all they need for alms gifts, but also opportunities for joy. According to popular belief, the souls of the dead leave their graves on Palm Thursday, before Easter, and wander among the living, returning to their shelter in the Whitsuntide Eve.
Green linden tree or nut tree branches are brought to the Church. They are blessed and shared to Christians, because they symbolize the metaphoric flames of the Holy Spirit that descended upon the Apostles.
The Descent of the Holy Spirit celebrates the foundation of the Church.
In Romania, due to a decision adopted by the Parliament in 2008, there are official two days of granted for Whitsuntide – the Sunday and the following Monday, the second day of Pentecost.