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December 4, 2022

A risky manoeuvre

The developments in the Republic of Moldova seem to take unaware even the most imaginative analysts, since Iurie Rosca, a symbol of the approaches in favour of the unification with Romania, was appointed vice premier by President Vladimir Voronin still in office. The manoeuvre is even stranger as the Government is communist. Mr. Rosca is not at the first compromise in the relation with the power from Chisinau. Leader of the Christian Democrat Party (PPCD) from Moldova, Rosca was an ally of the communists during 2005-2009. His party did not enter Parliament at the elections from April, obtaining less than three per cent of the votes. But the surprise does not come from Rosca, even if he was probably the most important promoter of the unionist policies in the early ‘90s, it comes from President Voronin who, through this appointment, may push away a segment of the traditional communist electorate prior to the snap elections from July 29.

Rosca was sworn in Wednesday morning, in the absence of the media. The acting president, Vladimir Voronin, congratulated the new vice premier, declaring that “Iurie Rosca will honour with honesty his office” because he “has fulfilled also in Parliament his responsibilities with dignity.”

Here is what President Voronin was saying before the electoral campaign: “The basic goal of our policy is to eliminate from our country, from our life any element that could be suspected of contamination in any way Romania.” President Voronin’s reactions have not changed much in time, his declarations from April, after the parliamentary elections – affected, as we know, by street violence – blaming Romania, although there was no evidence in this respect. And from his point of view, the appointment of Rosca as vice premier is an enigma. The leader of PPCD states that the post-electoral violence from Chisinau was coordinated by the former president Petru Lucinschi through the three leaders of the Liberal parties – Dorin Chirtoaca, Vladimir Filat and Serafim Urechean, in absolute contradiction with the assertions of the Head of State.

Iurie Rosca did not appear surprised by Voronin’s decision, but he will hold an office not at all negligible. Rosca will coordinate the legal institutions of the state, and will replace the Militia general Valentin Mejinschi, who held the office of vice premier in the previous Cabinet headed by Zenaida Greceanii. “It is a rather favourable context for my political career because I deem it important to assume public responsibilities likely to confirm also my quality of statesman, not only of a person who makes politics commenting what others do,” the PPCD leader declared.

Is Voronin winning, or his opponents, through this appointment? The structure of Parliament will probably change further to elections, even if the communists will definitely have a generous majority. It remains to be seen if Iurie Rosca will resist in the government also after the elections or if his appointment was circumstantial, being useful only for the Head of State.

Various analysts from the Republic of Moldova consider that it will be a partnership that will destroy the myth regarding the danger of “Romanian-ism” in the Republic of Moldova, because a citizen, who has steadily opted for the unification of the country with Romania, is now at the head of the state. Maybe, moderation is desirable, instead of an optimism more difficult to understand. We should not forget that the acting president has at hand the “tools” necessary for the changes, in any circumstances, and the present appointment can prove ephemeral.

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