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May 15, 2021
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WB: Romanian education, administration sectors, dysfunctional

Excessive politicizing and administration scrappiness are considered main obstacles for the country’s development, WB specialists say, in a yet unpublished report quoted by Romania Libera. One of the sectors that are considered mainly dysfunctional is education, where, WB experts say, most of the 15 year old Romanian students are two years behind the average European student and recommend the Education officials to bring more investment in pre-university schools. “Investing in this sector is essential, states do not get rich first and then decide to invest in human capital, it is the other way around,” reads the report. The same report deems the educational content in pre-university structures insufficient and not relevant to meet economy and society’s needs. World Bank experts also say de-centralization of school structures is highly stagnating and “the ministry is not well equipped to finalize it successfully.” Also, excessive politicization of the education segment, by often changing ministers and administrations is another important fault of the system.

Another important sector falling under World Bank analysis and criticism is public administration, where, according to the report, the government has been taking ‘doubtful decisions regarding public and fiscal policies, some of them are quite arbitrary and based on no real studies of possible social effects.’
At a governmental level, the World Bank has identified several major issues: lack of connection between political and fiscal decisions, bad or no real consultations on public policies, abundance of ad-hoc decisions over substantiated ones, lack of information on adopted policies and overall, the government’s poor management. The WB report identifies a fracture between the political and financial sectors. “When a law draft is submitted for approval, its annual implementing costs are not established clearly, thus, many new passed laws find no financing within the ministries,” reads the experts conclusion, presenting as comparison, the fact that, in most of EU countries, law drafts and their execution are established with six months in advance.

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