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January 26, 2022

Natural gas output down, higher imports in 2010

The natural gas output dropped by 2.8 pc, while imports advanced by 16.5 pc last year, reads a report of the Romanian Energy Regulatory Authority (ANRE). The average price of imported gas topped USD 360 for 1,000 cubic metres, slightly up from the average USD 356.5 for 1,000 cu.m. in 2009. The largest gas producers are OMV Petrom (SNP) and Romgaz Medias, which control together over 97 pc of the market. Romgaz produced an amount of 5,776 bln cu.m., while OMV Petrom extracted nearly 5.16 billion cu.m. Romanian gas accounted for 82.84 pc of last year’s consumption, against 85.28 pc in 2009, and imports represented 17.16 pc of the total, compared to 14.72 pc in 2009. Romania indirectly imports Russian gas via the companies WIEE Romania and Conef Gaz, which also deliver amounts of gas to GDF Suez Energy Romania, E.ON Energie Romania, Romgaz Import, or ELCEN Bucharest. According to ANRE, WIEE covered last year 18.5 pc, up from 17.6 pc in 2009, while Conef Gaz held steady to 2.13 pc, same as in 2009.

Electricity output and consumption picked up more than 4 pc last year, to 59.14 TWh and 52.03 TWh, respectively. Exports increased by 22.22 pc, from 3.15 TWh to 3.85 TWh, and imports went up 38.24 pc, from 0.68 to 0.94 TWh. Most energy was generated in hydropower plants, thermal plants and nuclear power plants. State company Electrica together with its subsidiaries and companies Alpiq (Switzerland) and Alro Slatina maintained the top position last year on the competitive market for electricity supply. Last year, the amount of hydro electricity supplied to Romanian customers exceeded that generated in fossil fuel plants, and the two sources covered a total 69.5 pc of the total, reads the document. The majority of the energy delivered into the grid was produced by hydro plants (35.7 pc), followed by coal plants (33.8 pc).

Against 2009, the hydro power sold last year increased by 23 pc, while that generated in coal plants dropped by 8.6 pc. Nuclear energy accounted for 19.4 pc of the total delivered to power grids last year, down 7.6 pc from 2009.

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