This economic crisis is mainly rooted in environmental mistakes whose root causes are exclusively subjective, an exclusivism that is monstrously high, given the Mafia structures fighting among themselves destroy the environment in order to satisfy interests of their own. Until recently, Romania had non-polluted soils and waters, forests uniquely beautiful and rich, a perfectly season adjusted climate, in blatant contrast to that nowadays when, to contradict a by-now famous saying, summer appears to be like… winter.
Today however, 850 hectares of forests have been cut overnight, following an alleged… snowfall. In other areas, including Gura Humorului, forest fires appear out of the blue, to the wonder of “decision-makers” named on exclusively political criteria. In order to avoid pricey technical inspections, wastewater is quickly disposed in the rivers Mures, Olt, Siret and the Danube Marsh, where the killed fish is a horrendous sight.
Bee-keeping, one of our greatest riches since ancient times, is on the brink of bankruptcy as a result of fertilizer abuse that chokes the whole flora. The fight between mafia-type clans also appears to be the grounds for the recent killing of a deputy mayor in the forest-rich region of Covasna.
Given these tragic circumstances, what does the Romanian state do to protect our resources? Where the decision-makers are, whose sole reason for being should be that of defending national strategic interest. Blinded by their mean interests, they only confine themselves to blaming global warming and its associated vicissitudes for the bad effects felt by all of us, including the “arrangements” that the world’s most industrialized nations strike with less developed countries, which, in exchange for some paltry financial aid, are set a slow pace of industrial development.
Ecology has indeed become the mirror of the world states’ inability to respect one another, harmonize their interests, while rallying under unanimously accepted principles on paper only. Moreover, the international ecological blackmail tends to match, in terms of the danger posed to our planet, the energy, and even military blackmail. But why is it that the decision-makers in this country are content with taking no action in international forums? Why? Because those very people who criticize government in televised debates tacitly join in supporting its decisions in Parliament.
It is exactly this duplicity shown by political decision-makers in this country that stays at the core of contradictions, mostly through the great errors also drawn from a sad tradition. Agriculture and forestry, Romania’s main economic sectors, have been continuously subjected to great social pressure. The two agrarian reforms, of 1919 and 1945, are acknowledged as positive social, yet not climatologic elements and that, since, unfortunately, mostly after the second world war, governments were unable to predict what could happen in the future, and therefore failed taking additional measures to prevent the climatic effects created by the destruction of protective forest belts when the forestry fund was divided into small parcels to individual peasants.
It was hardly toward the end of the 1970s that landslides, floods, sand storms and draughty seasons have grown worse and brought the issue of protective forest belts back into the limelight. Soon thereafter though, the action was replaced by a massive irrigation system being constructed. In 1988, this system covered roughly 35 million hectares of tillable land, the largest in Europe. Yet, within the space of only two years, it was completely destroyed, as a result of a chain of government errors. Restoring private agricultural ownership by rejecting modern cooperative principles, unlike other former socialist countries, was done at the expense of both ecological and economic principles.
Forests are another example of such crass mistake. The principles of the rule of law have been heavily called upon in favour of the return to former owners of forest property. Yet, it was exactly the principle of the rule of law that demanded that the nearly 2 million hectares of returned forests remained under strict forestry regulations in order to be superiorly capitalised upon both economically, to the advantage of their owners, and ecologically, in favour of the entire national territory. No longer under state authority, the 2 million hectares concerned have been destroyed by plundering. This huge wood plundering explains how Romanians exports for years consisted mainly of raw unprocessed wood.
The chain of catastrophic economic and ecological mistakes made by Romanian government officials does not stop here. The massive industrialization policy started in the 1950s was rooted in a more than one century-old need for a balanced Romanian economy. In his study “Agriculture and Manufacture”, great Romanian thinker B.P. Hasdeu demonstrated that the lack of a manufacturing sector in an eminently agrarian country creates domestic despotism and humiliation abroad, since an “eminently agrarian country calls for foreign invasion”. Unfortunately the massive industrialization policy of the 1950s, albeit imperiously necessary, was not correlated with measures seeking to prevent and combat pollution. Its effects were nonetheless made worse by the fraudulent privatisations after1989, with cement factories, the most polluting sources, the first to go into private hands. What was the reason for such excessive demand? For the large western or oriental companies in the sector to place such massive pollution sources on a soil as far away possible from their original countries, in this one namely.
Romania has a wide network of flowing waters. The great concern of the revived rule of law should have included the continuing energy and agricultural capitalization on these flowing waters by erecting new irrigation dams and more hydro power plants. Yet, it is exactly such pivotal strategic project, conceived in late 19th century, that went into oblivion due to a similar governing mentality, unable to predict the future, while remaining captive to own base interests.
Should we therefore wonder anymore that Romania’s government officials blame all the floods, storms and draughts on natural factors? We shouldn’t, as we learned that all these unfortunate events are mainly rooted in government errors.