June 2nd, 1946 represents a landmark moment in the contemporary history of Italy. On that day, the Italian electorate were called to the polls to elect the deputies to the Constituent Assembly and to pronounce themselves through referendum over the country’s type of constitutional state. A proportion of 54.26 per cent of Italians pronounced themselves in favour of the Republic, while 45.7 per cent, or 10,719,284 people, opted for Monarchy. A few weeks later, on June 28, 1946, the Constituent Assembly chose Enrico De Nicola as the first president of the Italian Republic.
During its 65 years as a republic, Italy has grown into a great global industrial power. A founding member of the European Economic Community, Italy is a member of the European Union (EU) and NATO. Italy’s capital Rome is the seat of United Nations institutions including the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), World Food Programme (WFP) and the International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD).
The 65th anniversary of the Italian Republic also coincides this year with the 150th anniversary of Italy’s unification as a single state. This is also the reason why at the June 2nd events there have been invited delegations from over 80 states. Among them, many heads of state, including Romania’s President, Traian Basescu, heads of government, foreign ministers, as well as leaders of some major international organizations.
We should also mention that in the run-up to these important anniversaries, the second Romanian-Italian intergovernmental meeting was held in Bucharest, which provided the heads of the two governments with an opportunity for again emphasizing further major multilevel development cooperation between Romania and Italy, in the interest of the two nations and the two countries.