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July 2, 2022

DNA review: Number of final sentences doubled in 2011 compared to 2010

After the reviews conducted by the Army, the Police and the Emergency Situations Inspectorate (ISU), it was the National Anti-corruption Office’s (DNA) turn to follow suit.According to the DNA, the number of persons that received a final sentence in cases handled by anti-corruption prosecutors grew by 93.5 per cent in 2011 compared to the year before. According to the review presented yesterday and quoted by realitatea.net, those persons include two current MPs and a former MP, one deputy prefect, five mayors and three deputy mayors, two members of a Local Council, four magistrates, five lawyers, 26 police officers, four ISU officers and NCOs, eight custom house employees, four Financial Guard commissioners and three Environment Guard commissioners. At the same time, the damages charged grew considerably in 2011, reaching a total of RON 1,436 M (EUR 333 M), up from RON 878 M (EUR 204 M) in 2010. DNA chief Daniel Morar stated that 2011 was the year of court rulings, the latter being more numerous than the number of indictments, the justice system reform law resulting in solved cases. Thus, according to Morar, in what concerns the effects of Law 202/2010 (the justice system reform law – editor’s note), it was noticed that in 12 per cent of the cases the final sentence was reached in a simplified procedure, on the basis of admitted guilt. The number of attacks issued against court rulings (through appeals and retrials), attacks initiated by the prosecutors and admitted by court, rose by 45 per cent and 25 per cent respectively compared to 2010. At the same time, the number of defendants deferred to court while under preventive arrest grew by 90 per cent, from 117 in 2010 to 223 in 2011, “the crimes they were accused of covering the entire sphere of crimes that are included among DNA’s prerogatives.”

According to the review, the DNA’s activity in 2011 was characterized by consistency, efficiency and diversity, the number of cases growing by 13 per cent from 5,827 in 2010 to 6,615 last year. Compared to 2005, the number of cases handled by anti-corruption prosecutors grew approximately three-fold (from 2,314 cases in 2005 – editor’s note). Likewise, the number of solved cases grew by 12 per cent, from 2,957 in 2010 to 3,313 in 2011. As compared to 2005, that number doubled (1,633 solved cases in 2005 – editor’s note). The number of solutions issued based on the background of the case rose by over 12 per cent, from 2,014 in 2010 to 2,270 in 2011.Present at the event, Justice Minister Catalin Predoiu congratulated Daniel Morar for his activity during his two terms at the helm of DNA, underlining that the DNA’s activity has improved, being far more efficient and that the EC reports on the Romanian justice system have noted visible progress. “After all, the essence of each term in office is to make the institution better, more solid, an institution society can rely on,” Predoiu stated. The Minister pointed out that the investigations conducted by anti-corruption prosecutors have sought to recover damages and to seize goods obtained illegally. At the same time, Predoiu pointed out that the government supports anti-corruption policies. “Considering that society is going through a difficult economic context, the government wants to draw foreign investments and to create a transparent, competitive and corruption-free climate,” he added. On the other hand, Predoiu pointed out that it is premature to state whether Daniel Morar could be proposed as a replacement for General Prosecutor Codruta Kovesi, the latter’s term set to expire this autumn (on October 2 – editor’s note). Daniel Morar was cautious in his statements too, pointing out that he will remain “a prosecutor” after his term is over. We remind our readers that Morar’s second term at the helm of DNA expired on February 2, however General Prosecutor Codruta Kovesi extended it by another six months.

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