The Republic Day is one of the public holidays in Turkey, commemorating the proclamation of the republic in 1923. This formally declared the dissolution of the Ottoman Empire.On 29 October 1923, Mustafa Kemal declared that Turkey would be a republic and renamed it as the Republic of Turkey.Turkey had effectively been a republic from April 23, 1920 (the establishment of Grand National Assembly) but official recognition of this came only 3 years later. On 29 October 1923, the new name of the nation and its status as a republic was declared. After that, a vote occurred in the Grand National Assembly and Atatürk was elected as the 1st president of the Republic of Turkey by unanimous vote.Since then, every year on October 29 is celebrated as Republic Day in Turkey. Republic Day is celebrated throughout Turkey and Northern Cyprus every year. Commemorative events usually begin in the afternoon on the previous day. In observance of the holiday, government offices and schools close for a day. Also, there are fireworks shows in all cities. It is also a day everyone commemorates Mustafa Kemal Atatürk. Turks celebrate their Republic Day through many special events and functions. Street performances, Turkish dance performances, sketches, parades, processions, and musical band performances are some of the best that you can expect to catch if you are in the country on this holiday. The parades and colourful processions are the highlight of the celebrations, as these give a glimpse into the culture of the country and the zeal of the people who participate. The processions are concluded by grand firework shows.