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February 26, 2021

Wikileaks reveals cables about Ceausescu & Iliescu

Former Romanian dictator Nicolae Ceausescu shortened his trip to US in December 1973 as he was unhappy with the value of loans obtained with the help of the US administration, according to some diplomatic cables transmitted by the US Embassy in Bucharest and revealed Monday by Wikileaks. Ceausescu was hoping to receive USD 300 million in loans, but got only USD 10 million instead, so when he realized he couldn’t get more, he cut his trip short, according to Donald Bramante, the first secretary of the US Embassy to Bucharest back in 1973. Ceausescu was supposed to stay from December 4 to December 8, but instead left on December 5. Bramante explained the cause of the shorter than expected visit via two diplomatic channels to his home country in December 1973, when Nicolae Ceausescu visited the US and met president Richard Nixon. Ceausescu was Romania’s president between 1965 and 1989. He was also General Secretary of the Romanian Communist Party, while the country was under the Communist regime. The regime was overthrown in what was named the revolution in 1989, when both Nicolae and his wife Elena Ceausescu were executed.

Another round of documents revealed on Monday by Wikileakes are referring to Bulgaria’s integration in the former USSR. Thus, various official personalities were discussing, in 1974, about creating a “corridor” between USSR and Sofia on the territory of Socialist Republic Romania, according to a diplomatic message revealed by Wikileaks.  The diplomatic message was sent on May 24th 1974 by the American ambassador to Bucharest, Harry G. Barnes, towards the US State Department, the US Embassy in Sofia and the one in Moscow. “A trustful officer from a NATO member state informed us that within the official circles in Romania rumors have it that the visit of Toro Jivkov (the Bulgarian Communist leader) to Moscow and the visit of Nicolae Ceausescu in Bulgaria aim, among other things, to set the integration of Bulgaria in USSR as the 16th Soviet republic and to create a transit corridor through Romania,” wrote the American ambassador to Bucharest, Harry Barnes.Also referring to Nicolae Ceausescu, Wikileaks revealed documents about a possible assassination attempt. “Although there is little to go on and rumors are very vague, we have picked up some talk of possible assassination attempt against Ceausescu month or so ago. Ugandan student who has Romanian wife and many Romanian contacts heard that some kind of assassination attempt was made shortly before Ceausescu’s trip to Iasi (May 4, 1973), supposedly during unpublicized Ceausescu trip to his home town of Scornicesti. Attempt supposedly failed due to bungling by its perpetrators rather than skilled work by Securitate,” reads Wikileaks.Ceausescu is not the single former Romanian president Wikileaks writes about. Thus, a diplomatic message revealed by the website shows that former president Ion Iliescu was on the list of potential candidates for the position of Romania’s Foreign Minister in 1974, alongside with Stefan Andrei. The message talks about a possible replacement of the Foreign Minister at that time, George Macovescu, with Ion Iliescu or Stefan Andrei. Finally, the place of Macovescu was taken by Stefan Andrei, but four years later, in 1978.

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