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September 20, 2021

OECD: Romania, the second migration source after China

In 2011, 3.5 million Romanians were living abroad and Romania came second, after China, in a top of countries of origin for immigration to the countries of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), according to the report ‘Perspectives on International Migration 2013’ released by OECD, zf.ro reports.
The number of people that emigrated from Romania in 2011 towards OECD states was 310,000, second after China, with the main destinations being Germany, Italy and Spain, while the number of Romanians living abroad was estimated at 3.5 million the same year. India and China remain important countries of origin for the immigration to OECD countries, but Romania and Poland come 2nd and 3rd in the top, due to mobility within the European Union, mentions the document.
With 529,000 people that left in 2011, China remains the most important country of origin for the immigrants that come to OECD, a position is permanently occupied for the last 10 years, except for 2007, when it was outranked by Romania. The year when Romanian acceded to the EU, OECD registered 549,000 Romanian immigrants, compared to 518,000 Chinese. Worsening economic conditions in Italy and Spain are forcing Romanians to migrate towards other EU destinations, mainly to Germany, adds the report.
The reintegration of emigrants that return to their countries of origin because of economic difficulties becomes and increasingly urgent issue for countries like Poland, Lithuania, Bulgaria and Romania. Germany was the main destination of Romanian emigrants in 2011, with 87,500 peopel, followed by Italy (90,100), Spain (60,900), Austria (13,700) and Belgium (10,900). Romanians form the largest communities of immigrants in Spain (896,000) and Italy (968,000).

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