The latest Eurobarometer survey also shows that Romanians are optimistic about the EU’s future.
Romanians’ trust in their national government has been on the increase since last autumn, before last year’s general election, and at similar level as in autumn of 2012, reveals the findings of the latest Eurobarometer survey. Thus, trust in the Government was 20 per cent in November 2012, having improved to 26 per cent in May 2013, almost similar to the 2012’s 27 per cent. Compared with the previous years, the latest findings show trust in the national government in Romania doubled from 13 per cent in May 2011 to 26 per cent in May 2013.
The study also shows that over half of Romanians say they feel European Union (EU) citizens, while less than half of citizens feel the same in Bulgaria, the UK, Cyprus and Greece, reveal the data of a Eurobarometer survey, published on Tuesday. However, the top of the countries whose citizens say they feel European includes Luxembourg (88 per cent), Malta (81 per cent) and Slovakia (76 per cent). Romania ranks 23rd in the rankings of EU membership feeling. Owning a single currency strengthens, to some extent, this sense of citizenship: 64 per cent of those surveyed in the euro zone feel European Union citizens, compared to only 57 per cent outside the euro area.
According to the study, Romanians (62 per cent) are also optimistic about the EU’s future, a view shared by the citizens of 18 other countries, including Denmark (72 per cent), Estonia (64 per cent), Lithuania (64 per cent), Malta (63 per cent) and Poland (63 per cent). On the other hand, nine countries gather a majority of pessimistic people, especially Portugal (67 per cent), Cyprus (69 per cent) and Greece (69 per cent).
Over two thirds of Europeans think that their voice does not count in the EU (67 per cent), increasing by three percentage points compared to last barometer. Romanians consider only in proportion of 23 per cent that their country’s voice counts in the European Union, at a distance from the countries in the top, whose citizens consider that their country’s voice counts in the Union: Denmark (56 per cent), Croatia and Belgium (48 per cent each) and Luxembourg (46 per cent).
In what concerns awareness of the rights they have as EU citizens, almost half of Europeans answered yes (46 per cent, +1 versus last report in the fall of 2012). In what concerns Romania with 43 per cent, respectively + 8, it features among the countries where there have been the most significant developments when compared to the survey in the fall of 2012, along with Portugal (+10, to 45 per cent) and Slovakia (+7, to 59 per cent).
In respects of the perception of the current situation of the economy at national level, the citizens’ attitudes vary. In Sweden, Germany and Luxembourg, three quarters of those polled or more believe that the economic situation in their country is good, while in six countries – Greece, Spain, Slovenia, Portugal, Bulgaria and Cyprus – below 5 per cent of the respondents share this view. In four other member countries, including Romania, less than 10 per cent of the polled agree with this assertion. The other three countries whose citizens have a similar view are Ireland, Italy and France.
In all countries, those surveyed believe that economic issues are the main challenges faced by their country. The situation of economy is the main topic of concern in Romania (44 per cent), and in Cyprus (75 per cent).
Also, Romania is ranked fourth in the European Union (EU) in terms of increase in the awareness level on how the MEPs are elected, the proportion of those knowing this thing having advanced 5 per cent. Moreover, the economic and monetary union is more popular in Romania than in other states in the euro area such as Spain, Portugal and Cyprus and it is regarded more favourably than in non-member states, points out the Eurobarometer survey released in Brussels on Tuesday, ten months before the European elections of May 2014.
Nine out of ten Europeans have heard of the European Parliament, the Eurobarometer shows, their number registering a decline compared with the autumn of 2012, of one per cent. The proportion registered a reduced evolution in the past seven years, varying between 87 per cent and 91 per cent since 2006 until present.
A 52 per cent share of the total number of Europeans know that the MEPs are elected by the citizens of each state, while almost three out of ten Europeans believe this is not true and almost two do not know if this is true or false. Nevertheless, since the spring of 2010 until present, the proportion of those who knew how MEPs are elected dropped seven percentage points, from 59 per cent to 52 per cent.
The first place from the citizens’ awareness on this issue viewpoint is taken by Malta (86 per cent), Cyprus (83 per cent) and Greece (81 per cent). The awareness level registered a spectacular increase in Croatia, where the first European elections took place before the accession to the EU, with no less than 40 percentage points, to 78 per cent, but also in Latvia (+10.63 per cent), Sweden (+6.59 per cent) and Romania (+5.67 per cent).
The data included in the latest Eurobarometer survey of Romania, spring 2013, were collected by TNS CSOP from 1,083 interviews, May 11 – 21, representative for 18,246,731 people aged 15 years and above.
PM Victor Ponta stated yesterday that the Eurobarometer shows that 30 per cent of the total population trust the Government meaning 60 per cent of those who vote, which represents three times more than the trust manifested for the Boc Government.