The National Day of the People’s Republic of China is celebrated every year on October 1st. It is a public holiday in the People’s Republic of China to celebrate their national day.
The PRC was founded on October 1st, 1949 with a ceremony at Tiananmen Square. The Central People’s Government passed the Resolution on the National Day of the People’s Republic of China on December 2nd, 1949 and declared that October 1st is the National Day.
The National Day marks the start of one of the two Golden Weeks in the PRC. However, there have been some recent controversies over whether Golden Weeks should be kept.
The Golden Week in the mainland of the People’s Republic of China is the name given to a semi-annual 7-day national holiday, implemented in 2000: the “Chinese Lunar New Year Golden Week” begins in January or February; the “National Day Golden Week” begins around October 1st. A third Golden Week holiday, which spanned May 1st and celebrated Labor Day, existed until 2007.
The National Day is celebrated throughout mainland China, Hong Kong, and Macau with a variety of government-organized festivities, including fireworks and concerts. Public places, such as Tiananmen Square in Beijing, are decorated in a festive theme. Portraits of revered leaders, such as Mao Zedong, are publicly displayed.
The University of Southern California U.S.-China Institute published a review of national day celebrations between 1949 and 1999 and discussed preparations for the 2009 extravaganza. US-China Today summarized press coverage and included images of the 2009 celebration.
A fireworks display is usually held nationwide in all cities, including Hong Kong, where a fireworks display to celebrate the National Day of the People’s Republic of China has been held since 1997 at Victoria Harbor in the evening. Many parades occur in the city of Beijing and some are very large.