Romania risks losing about 9 billion euros in the next 25 years if no action is taken in order to manage effectively the natural areas in the Carpathian Mountains, reveals a study conducted by the National Forests Administration, in partnership with the World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF), funded through the Global Environment Fund and implemented by the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP).
Within the study, a comparative evaluation of two management systems of the Carpathians’ protected natural areas was formulated for the first time. The evaluation shows the system’s economic impact upon economy sectors such as tourism, mineral waters, water resources, agriculture, forestry and hunting, over a period of 25 years.
By using data and figures related to five pilot nature parks, the study reveals that the protected natural areas are important and productive economic goods ensuring a flow of valuable products and services from the economic point of view. In addition, if applying a sustainable management system, these areas could generate important resources for the economic development.
On the other hand, the implementation of the current management system will lead to the unstoppable decline of biodiversity and the loss of important benefits for Romania’s economy, according levitra pen to the same study.
The project includes 22 natural protected areas. The financial analysis drawn up for all the parks, covering a total area of nearly one million hectares, shows that the roughly 11.4 million lei allotted in 2010 for the management and implementation of the management plans account for only 57 per cent of the 20.1 million lei representing the needs corresponding to the basic level of their management.
The study also reveals that Romania’s economy will record losses of about 9 billion euros in the next 25 years, if no action is taken.
“A proper funding for the protected natural areas, taking into account the calculated optimal level, would result in revenues put at nearly 29 euros for each invested euro,” the document reads.
The study also shows that the sustainable funding of the protected natural areas will have to be insured by exploring the entire range of funding sources and mechanism, including the direct financial allocations from the state budget, voluntary or mandatory mechanisms for paying the services of eco-systems, by setting up new markets for these products, as well as by securing agreements and partnerships between the parks’ administrations and the private sector.