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December 1, 2021

3-decade gridlock broken: The nuclear deal with Iran in Geneva

Obama: Deal provides ‘new path’. Israel: Iran deal act of ‘self-delusion’. Kerry outlines main points.
The diplomatic gridlock between Iran and the West seemed immovable for decades. But on Sunday diplomats made history, when Iran and six world powers came together on an agreement over Iran’s nuclear program, CNN reports.
The deal dials back Iran’s ability to work towards a nuclear weapon and at the same time loosens the choke hold of international sanctions on Iran’s economy.
The two sides now have six months to find out how historic the breakthrough is. That’s how long the preliminary agreement hammered out in Geneva, Switzerland, by Iran and the P5+1 – the five members of the U.N. Security Council and Germany – lasts.
The foreign policy chiefs from the nations making up the group had traveled to Geneva from the United States, Britain, France, Russia, China and Germany on Saturday to pound out the last key points of deal.
In a televised speech, Iran’s President Hassan Rouhani sold it as a win for his negotiators. “We are pleased after 10 years that an agreement on this level has been reached,” he said.
He played up that it allows Iran to enrich uranium to a level making it usable as nuclear fuel. During the six months of the agreement, major facilities in Iran will continue doing so, he said. It also marks the beginning of the end of sanctions, he said. President Barack Obama took to live television to announce the deal as a success that includes “substantial limitations that will help prevent Iran from creating a nuclear weapon.”
U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry has stressed that Iran will not be permitted to produce bomb-grade enriched uranium.
Obama’s Republican opponents in Washington scorned the deal, and key ally Israel frowned upon it. Both say it will have the opposite effect, advancing Iran’s alleged quest for a bomb.
Israeli PM Benjamin Netanyahu adamantly distrusts Iran and decried the agreement as a “historic mistake” on Sunday.
The agreement does not apply to Israel, he said Sunday. If need be, Israel will take matters into its own hands, he said.
Bucharest welcomes groundbreaking deal
The Foreign Ministry (MAE) welcomes the Iranian nuclear deal as a first step towards a long-lasting agreement, reads a communiqué released on Sunday. MAE praised the ‘substantial efforts’ made by the EU+3 negotiation team headed by the European Union foreign policy chief Catherine Ashton. “This breakthrough is encouraging, nevertheless additional efforts are required. (…) Iran’s firm commitment to undertake all necessary actions for using this window of opportunity and for obtaining tangible results is crucial”. From this perspective, MAE stresses that the implementation of this first step is decisive and expresses its full support for the upcoming negotiations in view of reaching a comprehensive solution to the dispute. Romania supports a permanent negotiated deal that should offer unquestionable guarantees for the peaceful utilization of the Iranian nuclear programme, and with the respect of the legitimate right of Tehran to use peacefully the nuclear energy, in conformity with the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons and with the respect of all UN Security Council. (R.P)

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