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Bucharest
October 22, 2021
BUSINESS

20 pc price increases for milk and cheese sold in marketplaces

– Business owners say the raise will take place in February.
According to European regulations on conducting monthly milk analysis reports worth RON 180 that have already taken effect, producers who sell milk in marketplaces have to choose between disappearing completely from the market or increasing prices by over 20 per cent as of February, business owners in the field say.
“The problem individual producers selling milk in markets are faced with, apart from the required health certificate, is an obligation to conduct two monthly analysis reports that expire in one month and certify the milk complies with all regulations. These certificates will be verified by each market’s veterinarians and the biggest problem is they cost around RON 180,” Claudiu Franc, chairman of the Romanian Federation of Cattle Breeders, stated for Mediafax. As of January 1, 2014, when Romania’s transitional period ended, milk producers will only deliver milk that meets EU quality standards. Raw milk destined to final consumers must meet quality standards regarding the total number of germs (a maximum of 100,000/ml) and somatic cells (400,000/ml), in accordance with current legislation. The Federation official estimated that if the price of milk sold in marketplaces were RON 2/liter, producers would have to sell almost 100 liters of milk per month only to be able to pay for the analysis reports. The new requirement will not have a large impact on producers who sell milk through processing centers, Franc said, because costs will be considerably reduced, since one analysis per tank is sufficient.
According to Franc, 2 million tons of milk is produced every year in Romania and approximately 30 per cent is distributed in marketplaces.
Producers who own small agricultural enterprises (i.e. households) or milk producing cattle farms can deliver raw milk to milk collection centers or directly to milk processing units. Another option is to sell the raw milk to final consumers directly, in accordance with provisions under the current veterinary health legislation.
In the latter case, producers must acquire health forms which attest to the good health of forms milk producing animals and are to be filled in by veterinarians in the place of origin, as well as an analysis report attesting to product conformity with legislative requirements. This measure will have the greatest impact on small producers, according to the Federation representative.

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