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January 18, 2022
POLITICS

EU: Rules for people sentenced implemented in Romania

Common rules on matters related to detention, adopted unanimously by Member States, have been implemented only in around half of the EU’s 28 countries, including Romania, according to a new European Commission report released on Wednesday, according to the official website europa.eu. The report examines the implementation of three separate EU Framework Decisions covering (1) the transfer of prisoners, (2) probation and alternative sanctions, (3) and the European Supervision Order. The three EU laws enable prison sentences, probation decisions or alternative sanctions and pre-trial supervision measures to be executed in an EU country other than the one in which the person is sentenced or awaiting trial. This may be the country of nationality, habitual residence or another EU country with which the person has close ties.
The rules, agreed by Member States unanimously between 2008 and 2009, should have been implemented by (1) 5 December 2011, (2) 6 December 2011 and (3) 1 December 2012 respectively. However, today only 18 Member States have implemented the transfer of prisoners decision, 14 have implemented the decision on probation and alternative sanctions and 12 have implemented the European Supervision Order (see Annex for breakdown by country).
The rules aim to improve mutual trust between judicial systems in Europe – an essential element of a common European area of justice. The three Framework Decisions are also important tools to further social rehabilitation of prisoners and reduce the use of pre-trial detention. Their proper implementation is crucial.

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