Thousands of Hungarians took part in rallies in all Transylvanian counties on Saturday, on Hungary’s National Day, one of Hungary’s three national holidays. Marking the Hungarian Revolution of 1848, March 15 is considered a defining moment for Hungarian identity and marks one of the most important military conflicts in the country’s history. Hungarian leaders have relayed messages concerning the autonomy of the Szekler Land and the unity of the Hungarian community living outside the state’s borders.
Hungarian Deputy Prime Minister Semjen Zsolt appeared on horseback at the parade organized on Saturday in Targu Secuiesc. Semjen Zsolt told the participants that the autonomy demanded by Hungarians “is not a kind of Szekler specialty,” and is not “an exaggerated demand” but “what is for others in the European Union a natural daily fact.” “Because of this we have to say and repeat: what is possible for someone else is possible for us too, what is allowed for others is allowed for us too,” Semjen said. Representatives of the Youth Movement from 64 Counties (HVIM) were also present at the traditional parade in Targu Secuiesc.
Hungarian Foreign Ministry’s Secretary of State Nemeth Zsolt was also present in Romania, in Miercurea Ciuc, where he asked the participants to the events to vote in Hungary’s legislative elections but also in the elections for the European Parliament where Hungarians should have a strong representation. At the same time, he referred to the issue of autonomy, stating that “it is important to repeat that autonomy does not mean secession” and that “Szeklers can count on the Hungarian government and on Hungary’s support.” Nemeth Zsolt considers that UDMR becoming a member of the ruling coalition is an important event for Romanian-Hungarian relations and that it will lead to greater stability in Romania and will have a beneficial influence on the relations between communities too.
Hungary’s President pays unofficial visit to Romania
Hungarian President Ader Janos will be paying an official visit to Romania, today and tomorrow, in Transylvania, according to Covasna newspaper 3szek, “Jurnalul National” reports. Ader Janos will watch a theatre play at the “Tamasi Aron” Theatre in Sfantu Gheorghe, and on Tuesday he will visit the exhibition “Victims of the Independence War”, hosted by the National Museum of the Szeklers. Then, Hungary’s President will lay a wreath before the statue of Gabor Aron in Targu-Secuiesc, and lift a funerary pillar made of carved wood at the Monument of the Szekler Forty-Eighters in the Nierges Mountain Pass (Piatra Nierges). His next stop will be in Miercurea Ciuc, where he will lay a wreath of flowers before the Siculeni monument. The President’s visit will end in Cluj-Napoca, being his third visit to Romania, after the one paid in May 2013, when he attended the Catholic Pentecost Pilgrimage in Sumuleu Ciuc, the county of Harghita, and in July 2013, when he spent his vacation together with his family in Harghita County.
Ministry of Internal Affairs: Romania ban entry for several Hungarian nationals
The Romanian Ministry of Internal Affairs (MAI) announced having imposed an entry ban against several Hungarian citizens who carry out on Romania’s territory activities with an extremist character in favour of the organizations the New Hungarian Guard, the Sixty-Four Counties Youth Movement, the Outlaws’ Army and Jobbik. The Ministry also asked the competent court to declare them undesirable.
‘Following the assessment of the risks to public order and national security, in keeping with the legal provisions and the Community legislation, the competent Romanian authorities made the decision to take certain precautionary measures with a view to preventing the occurrence of events that could adversely affect the public order and the national security. Thus, the measure was instated to not allow the entry to Romania of several Hungarian nationals who engage within our country borders in activities with extremist character in favour of the organizations the New Hungarian Guard, the Sixty-Four Counties Youth Movement, the Outlaws’ Army and Jobbik; the competent court was also requested to declare them undesirable. In connection with the respective persons it was established without doubt that they are involved in activities that justify the measures instructed under the law,’ said MAI spokesperson Monica Dajbog.
According to Dajbog, MAI has a procedure underway for the notification of the Hungarian authorities, ‘’to make sure the envisaged persons are informed’ of the steps taken against them. At the same time, Dajbog said that MAI cannot provide further data and information about Jobbik leader Vona Gabor, because there is a criminal prosecution case underway against him at the Public Prosecution Office.
At the same time, prosecutors from the Directorate for Investigating Organised Crime and Terrorism (DIICOT) are currently working on a criminal case opened against several persons suspected of committing the crime of ‘violating the Constitution’, in relation to the rallies organised on the Romanian territory promoting the Alliance of Right-Wing Youth Association – Movement for a Better Hungary (Jobbik). ‘There is a reasonable suspicion that over 2013-2014 on the Romanian territory on the occasion of several rallies promoting the Alliance of Right-Wing Youth Association – Movement for a Better Hungary (Jobbik) there were made certain statements of a revisionist and separatist manner, in violation of the Constitution,’ reads a DIICOT press release.
Pursuant to the Romanian legislation in effect at the moment, only the Bucharest Court of Appeals (CAB) can declare a citizen of the European Union ‘undesirable,’ and its decision will be applied immediately, despite any appeals filed with the Supreme Court. CAB will make a decision, accompanied by a substantiated report, within no more than ten days of the notification. If a citizen is declared ‘undesirable’ for national security reasons, the substantiation report need not specify the data and information on which the decision was based.
As a response to Bucharest’s decision, Nemeth Zsolt, Secretary of State with the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, stated during a visit to Sfantu Gheorghe on Saturday that Hungarian authorities have not yet been informed of the decision to ban several Hungarian citizens, members of four political organizations, from entering Romanian territory.
“We will analyze the problem, but we have not received any notifications from the Romanian Government so far,” the Secretary of State said, underlining that upon receiving an official notification, Hungarian authorities will assess whether the Romanian authorities’ decision is compliant with the European and international legislations assumed by Romania.
According to Jobbik spokesperson, Gabor Pal, Jobbik “is shocked” by the Romanian authorities’ decision. Gabor Pal said the measure is unreasonable, as Jobbik politicians did not commit any crime in Romania to justify such a ban. In turn, Kisgyorgy Levente, the Jobbik candidate from Targu Mures in the upcoming elections in Hungary, stated “the Hungarian Government must protect all its citizens, regardless of the context,” adding that he is expecting a message from the Romanian authorities concerning the Hungarian citizens who have been denied access to Romania.
MEP Lazslo Tokes criticized in Oradea “Romanian authorities’ hysteria” of banning Hungarian citizens’ access in Romania, saying they would not accept being threatened and offended.