Denmark celebrates The Constitution Day every year on June 5th. The date commemorates the signing of the Danish constitution of 1849, which established Denmark as a constitutional monarchy, and honors the constitution of 1953, which also was adopted on June 5th. It has become a tradition also in Bucharest to celebrate The Danish Constitution day.
Besides being one of the oldest Kingdoms in the world, Denmark is also one of the oldest democracies. The Danish King Frederik VII signed on 5th of June 1849 a democratic constitution, which introduced a system of constitutional monarchy and establishing a bicameral parliament with human rights guaranteed by the constitution. This signing of the constitution put an end to a period of 189 years of absolute monarchy, transforming Denmark from autocracy into a democracy without any bloodshed. Since the year 1849 Denmark has been a constitutional kingdom with the principle of parliamentarism being de facto recognized in 1901, when it was agreed that the government in office should conform to the majority of the Parliament. Fourteen years later, in 1915, universal suffrage was introduced, so that women were also given the right to vote.
After World War II the Constitution was reformed leading to a unicameral system and an explicit provision ensuring that government be responsible to parliament was inserted in the new Constitution. This reform was adopted in 1953, and it maintained and expanded the protection of fundamental civic rights of freedom that have since had a great impact on everyday life of people in Denmark.
On the occasion of commemorating Denmark’s National Day, I would like to use this opportunity to underline and express appreciation for the good bilateral relationship that exists between Romania and Denmark. Both Denmark and Romania are striving to follow a path towards green growth. Denmark has a long track record of green policies. This has contributed to making Denmark amongst the most wealthy and resource efficient economies in the world.
By this actions Denmark has consequently shown that economic growth and responsible attitude towards climate and the use of natural resources can be successfully combined.
These lessons might be particularly important these days where one of the main topics on the European agenda is the quest for strengthening energy security of supply, including the search for alternative energy resources. But modernizing and greening of our energy system will also contribute to strengthen European competitiveness, growth and employment. An increasingly intense dialog between Denmark and Romania has developed on these issues during the last years to our mutual benefits. Recently, on 9th of May 2014, when Romania celebrated Europe day, the Danish Embassy together with a selected group of Danish companies made it possible to Romanian citizens to experience examples of sustainable Danish energy solutions. As green energy and sustainable development are core values for Denmark and the Danish people, I have with satisfaction during my stay in Romania been observing the increasing importance given to these values also in Romania. Consequently I am happy that Denmark and Romania thus increasingly are becoming partners of the matter to achieving better sustainable environment and energy solutions in favor of an improved Climate.