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February 26, 2021

Brazil celebrates 192 years of independence

By  H.E. Raymundo Magno, Ambassador of Federative Republic of Brazil

Yesterday, on September 7th, Brazil celebrated 192 years of its Independence, an event of outmost importance for the history of modern Brazil.
One of my predecessors, H.E. Jerônimo Moscado, Ambassador of Brazil in Bucharest between 1996 and 2003, used to say that “Brazil is the biggest horizon of Latinity, and Romania, its most creative nucleus”. He also considered that “the two Latin countries should develop a kind of intellectual complicity in order to give a new flavor to Western culture”. I noticed myself, during the three years I have spent in Romania, that the Latinity of the two peoples is something real, and that the similarities between Romanians and Brazilians are more profound than anyone could think by watching at the geographical distance that separates us.
The proximity of the two countries is also reflected by several interesting historical aspects. This year we celebrate 86 years since the establishment of formal diplomatic bilateral relations. Yet, Romania and Brazil are related since the monarchical period of the mid-19th century, due to the links between the Royal Families of Romania and of Portugal, as King Ferdinand I of Romania, by his maternal line, was a nephew of Pedro I, Emperor of Brazil.
In the 20th century, Romania played a relevant role in the Brazilian cultural and economic life: Tristan Tzara, the founder of Dadaism, in literature; Eugen Ionesco, in dramaturgy; Constantin Brancusi, in sculpture; Emil Cioran, in philosophy; Gheorghe Leonida, the sculptor of the face of the statue of Christ the Redeemer, in Rio de Janeiro; and, especially, Mihail Manoilescu, who strongly influenced Brazilian economic policies after the 1929 crisis, with his book “The New Theory of Protectionism and International Exchange”. His theories inspired many Brazilian thinkers, to the point that Manoilescu came to be considered one of the founders of modern Brazil.
This means we have illustrious historic ties. Yet, just as important as the past are the present and the future. And the future is auspicious. The Brazilian Congress has recently approved the Economic and Technological Cooperation Agreement between Romania and Brazil.
The bilateral relations have registered over the last decades a constant and upward trend. Last year, for example, the bilateral trade reached the all-time record level of USD 800 million. Yet, we consider that there is enough room for more, and that the economic relations do not yet reflect the real potential of our two countries. We are sure that this Economic Cooperation Agreement will contribute to this further development of our relations not only in the economic and commercial fields, but also in areas like diplomacy, culture and education.

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