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September 27, 2021

EU Regional Policy in Romania: Extending the northern breakwater in Constanta port

This project extends the northern breakwater in the port of Constanta, Romania’s main national port, by 1 050 metres in order to fully protect its southern area against waves.
The project extends the northern breakwater from 4 850 metres to 5 900 metres so that, along with the southern breakwater, it can reduce the negative impacts of the waves on operations and safety at the port, and increase the port’s productivity.
Delivering the wave protection needed
Prior to the project, the southern area of Constanta port, protected by the northern and the southern breakwater, was exposed to waves coming from an easterly direction. This was partly because, at the time when the northern breakwater was originally built, budgetary restrictions meant it could not reach the planned length of 5 900 metres. This project finally extends the northern breakwater to the desired length in order to deliver the wave protection needed in the southern area of the port.
The project comprises works carried out in three areas: the area where the existing breakwater ends and is connected to the new works; the area where an underwater core for the breakwater extension already exists; and the area for the totally new works, lying directly on the sea floor. The protection wall will measure nine metres above sea level, rising to 10 metres with the stone coating.
Increasing productivity at Constanta
As Romania’s national port, Constanta is of significant national and international importance. It is connected through the Danube-Black Sea Canal to the TEN-T (trans-European transport network) Rhine/Meuse-Main-Danube inland waterway.
It is hoped that the project will increase the productivity of the port, by reducing the impact of the waves on operations and minimising the risk of accidents. For the berths, this will eliminate 25% of productivity decrease during downtime. For barges, an essential component for transhipment, this will eliminate the idle time during bad weather. Once finished, the breakwater will be under public management by the National Company for Maritime Ports Administration S.A.
The project will further increase the reliability of the port’s operation schedule, and allow for the future development of the southern part of the port. Additionally, it sees 450 new jobs created during the implementation phase and 10 jobs created during the operation phase.
The works are carried out by a Dutch company and the completion deadline has been set for the summer of 2015. The total value of the project is EUR 121 M and the EU’s contribution is almost half of the total sum.

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