On 23 September, world leaderswill meet in New York at a Climate Summit organised by UNSecretary General Ban-Ki moon.This is an important milestone inthe run-up to a global climateagreement due to be concludednext year in Paris. Dacian Ciolos,Commissioner for Agriculture andRural Development, will be participating.Climate change affects manysector of the economy, and agricultureis one of the most susceptibleas farming activities are highlydependent on climatic conditions.Access to natural resources (soil, airand water) is crucial to agriculturalsustainability. Climatic variabilityyear-by-year is one of the maincauses of inconsistency in cropyields and the inherent risks offarming. Farming is thus on thefront line in the battle against climatechange. The agriculture sectorneeds to address the dual challengeof reducing its greenhousegas emissions while at the sametime adapting to the expectedimpacts of climate change. Thissector can also help provide solutionsto the EU‘s overall climatechallenges.
EU DOMESTIC ACHIEVEMENTS
The EU’s reformed CommonAgricultural Policy (CAP) doesmore than ever before to supportsustainable farming practices.New ‘greening’ rules mean that30% of the payments going directlyto farmers will be linked toimproving the environment, forexample to improve biodiversity.Some 30 % of rural developmentfunds are also aimed at specificregional environmental priorities.Measures that bring farmersand researchers closer together willmake it possible for the traditionalagricultural sector to meet our 21stcentury needs. They boost innovationand address the fundamentalchallenge of how to produce morewhile still respecting our naturalresources and learning to adapt toclimate change.Since 1990, EU agriculturalemissions have decreased by 24%.
EU INVOLVEMENT IN UN ANDOTHER INTERNATIONAL PROJECTS
In line with the EU’s decisionto dedicate 20% of its 2014-2020budget to climate-related action,climate adaptation action andefforts to reduce emissions arebeing actively integrated into allsectors of development cooperation,particularly in agriculture.The Commission has is working inpartnership with a number ofagencies and organisations, includingthe UN to promote andfinance climate smart agricultureprogrammes and projects aroundthe world.
These include:THE GLOBAL CLIMATE CHANGEALLIANCE
The Global Climate ChangeAlliance flagship programme,which was set up by the EU in2007 to strengthen dialogue andexchange experiences and withdeveloping countries most vulnerableto climate change, is contributingto sustainable agriculturalpractices. Today, 46 GCCAprogrammes are operating in 38countries, 8 regions and subregions in least developed countriesand small island developingstates across Africa, Asia, theCaribbean and the Pacific. Morethan 50% of the GCCA programmesaddress agriculturalissues promoting climate adaptationand mitigation practices.