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March 1, 2021
WORLD

Higher Responsibility Towards Modern Challenges

By HAMLET GASPARIAN Ambassador of the Republicof Armenia to Romania

20 years ago, in April 24, 1994, theEmbassy of the third Republic of Armeniawas inaugurated in Bucharest. Almost twoand a half years before that, on December11, 1991, Romania had recognized theindependence of Armenia. During the20th century, Romania has once recognizedthe independence of Armenia onAugust 10, 1920, putting its signatureunder the Treaty of Sevres, which seemedto close the most tragic page of theArmenian history. Indeed, during the FirstWorld War and in the subsequent turbulentyears the Armenians had the biggestlooses among the European nations –every tenth victim of the War wasArmenian, overwhelmingly civilians -while the annals of the War remains silenton this fact and it is yet being ignored inthe commemoration events dedicated tothe 100th Anniversary of that devastatingtragedy.Being deported under the guise of theFirst World War, in 1915-1916, from theirnative lands in the Ottoman Empire by theregime of Young Turks, destituted, persecuted,tortured and massacred, the fragmentsof the Armenian nation had spreadall over the world.Some of themsettled in a smallpart of theEastern Armeniaand on May 28, 1918, alongside with theireastern compatriots restored the Armenianstatehood interrupted for centuries. OnMay 28, Armenia and the Armenians allover the world celebrate the First RepublicDay, this year already for the 96th time,while the National Day of the ThirdArmenian Republic is celebrated onSeptember 21. That same day in 1991,Armenia declared its independencethrough the referendum, seceding fromthe USSR.Certainly, there were huge differencesbetween Armenia of 1920 and Armenia of1991: the first one was a state of orphansand epidemics, dismembered, that couldmaintain its existence only for 2,5 years inconditions of constant wars before passingunder the Bolshevik rule, while the second– one of the most developed scientific andindustrial Republics of the Soviet Union.Nevertheless, the latter inherited the graveconsequences of the First World War andthe Bolshevik revolution. Therefore, besidesthe deep social and economic crisis conditionedby the collapse of the Soviet Union,the new Armenian generation, unfortunately,got a war, an unsettled conflict and verydifficult relations with two neighboringstates; conditions, that are still impedingArmenia’s economic development.Taking into considerationthe createdcircumstances as wellas realizing the newregional and globalrealities, Armenia makes best effortstowards diplomatic settlement of theNagorno Karabakh conflict within theframework of the OSCE Minsk Groupchairmanship on three fundamental principlesof international law– non-use offorce or threat of force, right of people toself-determination and territorial integrity.Armenia is ready to normalize relationswith Turkey through implementation ofZurich protocols signed with Turkey in2009 on establishment of diplomatic relations,without preconditions, and openingof the Armenian-Turkish border, whichhas been closed unilaterally by the Turkishside for more than 20 years. Internationalcommunity hopes that on the eve of the100th Anniversary of the ArmenianGenocide, which will be commemoratedin 2015, the Turkish government willdemonstrate a sober consciousness andresponsibility to respect its signature underthose documents and to normalize therelations with Armenia.Settlement of relations with the neighborsis more than urgent in conditions ofongoing extremely concerning events inthe surrounding regions, especially in Syriaand Iraq, where alongside with otherChristian communities the Armenians arealso subjected to harassments and attacks,some of which find shelter in Armenia.Armenia considers Romania as afriendly state, with which we are connectedwith the ties of age-old friendship andsolidarity. Being faithful to the spirit ofthat friendship, Armenia is ready to developand is developing the relations withRomania in various fields at the bilaterallevel and at the international fora.The last 23 years of the Armenian-Romanian relations have proven that thebest result is registered when the nationsand the states maximally take into considerationeach other’s interests, that in turn isa condition and a warranty for the internationalstability and peaceful coexistence.Acknowledging its role and possibilities,Armenia is building its foreign policy inaccordance with this understanding, seekingto bring its own contribution towardsmore fair, safe and prosperous future.

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