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August 2, 2021
BUSINESS

Installed renewable energy projects reach 4,725 MW of capacity at end-September

Renewable energy projects reached a total installed capacity of 4,725 MW at the end of September this year, shows data centralized at power grid operator Transelectrica.
Thus, the wind power projects connected in the system account for an aggregate 2,805 MW; photovoltaic parks have a total capacity of 1,245 MW; micro-hydro power plants and biomass energy projects have a cumulative capacity of 101 MW.  The renewable energy capacity installed in the system thus progressively advanced from 4,664 MW at the end of July and 4,709 MW at the end of August, respectively.  At the end of 2013, the capacity of the renewable energy production capacities in the system stood at a combined 4,349 MW.
Data with the Energy Department show that projects totaling some 2,500 MW of capacity are supposed to become operational in the interval 2014 – 2015 based on the licensing files lodged with the National Energy Regulatory Agency (ANRE).
Producers of renewable energy receive subsidies in the form of green certificates billed on all consumers, households included, and which are entered separately in the monthly electricity bill.
Romania undertook to have by 2020 a share of 24 percent of its final gross energy consumption covered from renewable sources, but the National Energy Regulatory Authority (ANRE) announced that Romania had already attained this target on January 1, 2014 so that consequently the mandatory green energy acquisition share remained at 11.1 percent in 2014, just as in 2013, compared to 15 percent, as it should have been this year.
To temper the rise in electricity bills, the Government decided on July 1, 2013 to defer the assignment of green certificates for the period 2017-2020.
According to GEO 57/2013, photovoltaic projects receive just four green certificates per MWh, compared to six certificates before. Wind projects qualify for just one certificate instead of two, and micro-hydropower plants for two out of three certificates, as under the previous legislation.
In addition, the new projects that join the system after January 1, 2014 receive fewer subsidies right from the beginning. According to Government Resolution No. 994 of December 2013, new photovoltaic parks only get half the subsidies so far, specifically three of six certificates.
For wind farms, the number of certificates is cut down by 0.5 certificates until 2017 and by 0.25 certificates as of 2018. Therefore, new investors will receive only 1.5 green certificates until 2017 and 1.75 certificates as of 2018.
Also, small hydropower stations receive by 0.7 percent fewer green certificates per MWh, ie only 2.3 certificates for new facilities.

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