One quarter of a century after the Revolution that toppled the communist regime, the Romanians are still in the dark as regards what really happened in 1989 and most of them believe the events were initiated in the country, showed a survey conducted by INSCOP pollster, commissioned by daily Adevarul and released on Monday.
According to the survey, 78.3 percent of the Romanian don’t think they know the truth about what happened in 1989, 16.8 percent are of an opposite opinion and 4.9 percent gave non-answers.
The proportion of respondents who believe they know the truth about these events is in the +50 age segment.
Asked to voice their opinion about the events of 1989, 33.5 percent of the Romanians said they believe they represented the will of the Romanian people who revolted against the communist system, 33.4 percent said this was most likely a coup by people who attempted to oust dictator Nicolae Ceausescu, while 20.9 percent consider that the events were the consequence of the decision of the great powers to dismantle communism in Eastern Europe.
As many as 12.3 percent said they did not know or did not answer. By age brackets, the Romanians aged over 50 are the most convinced (36.4 percent) that this has been the will of the people.
The version of the coup finds most supporters in the age categories 31-50 years, and +50 (34.7 percent and 35.8 percent, respectively). The highest proportion of non-responses was registered in the age segment below 30 (28.2 percent).
As many as 49.5 percent of the respondents believe that the events of December 1989 were initiated in Romania, while 36.2 percent believe they were triggered from abroad. A proportion of 14.2 percent said they didn’t know or did not answer.
Most non-responses (26.9 percent) were registered in the age segment that had no direct contact with that period, specifically 18-30 years.
As concerns the role played by various personalities in the December 1989 events, film director Sergiu Nicolaescu enjoys the best public perception (45.3 percent consider he had a rather positive role), followed by Petre Roman (44.8 percent see him as positive), Ion Iliescu (41. 2 percent) and Mircea Dinescu (39.9 percent).
Political thinker and dissident Silviu Brucan is seen as having played a rather positive role by 32.9 percent of the Romanians, while 25.8 percent think the same of pastor Laszlo Tokes; 23 percent – of Dan Iosif; 22 percent – Victor Stanculescu; 20.4 percent – Gelu Voican Voiculescu; 10 percent – Virgil Magureanu.
The less known Revolution characters are Dan Iosif – 16.7 percent said they haven’t heard of him, Virgil Magureanu – 15.8 percent, Victor Stanculescu – 12.1 percent, Silviu Brucan – 10.6 percent, Gelu Voican Voiculescu – 10 percent.
As for the trial of the Ceausescu couple, 68.4 percent of the Romanians believe that it was unfair, 12.7 percent thought it was a fair trial, 10.5 percent claim they do not know or have no knowledge about this event, and 8.4 percent did not answer.
An overwhelming proportion of 70.7 percent of Romanians believe that the verdict in the trial of the Ceausescus was wrong, 10.7 percent think the opposite, 9.1 percent are unfamiliar with the event and 9.5 percent gave non-answers.
The persons aged over 30 consider to a higher extent than younger age categories that the trial was unfair. Most non-responses were registered in the age segment 18 – 31.
The survey was conducted by INSCOP Research, commissioned by the Adevarul daily, between November 27 – December 2. The set of questions about the December 1989 events was conducted together with the Historia magazine.