“The year 2015 marks the 135th anniversary of the establishment of the Romanian-German diplomatic relations on the 20th of February 1880, the date when the independence of the Romanian State has been recognized by Germany. This symbolized not only the official recognition and inclusion of the new state within the European family, but also paved the way for a strong dynamic of modernization of the Romanian state, a process that Germany largely contributed to. The fact that this modernization process is very much associated with the fruitful rule of King Charles I (Carol I al Romaniei), from the German Hohenzollern dynasty, who became the first King of Romania in 1866, is highly symbolic to the Romanian-German relationship.
To fully understand the context prior to the establishment of the diplomatic relations between Germany and Romania, we need to go back to 1848. Ties have been established during the revolutionary movements of 1848, which have marked the face of Europe, including Romania. The Provisional Government formed in Bucharest during the Revolution of 1848 has sent an official diplomatic agent, Ioan Maiorescu, in order to defend Romania’s stance before the German Government and Parliament in Frankfurt.
Furthermore, in 1872, the first ever Romanian diplomatic agency was established in Berlin. The diplomat representing Romania was Theodor Rosetti, who furthered his work with the help of Mihai Eminescu, his secretary and translator. Both these men were members of the Junimea Society in Romania, and they were part of the first cultural generation whose members were educated and formed mainly in Germany. The crucial contribution of the Junimea society to the modernization of the Romanian State and its institutions is broadly recognized. The society as a whole has highly benefited from the new dimension brought by the revolutionary ideas of the Junimea members.
After the fall of Iron Curtain, Germany played a crucial role in reuniting the European continent, context in which the cooperation between Romania and Germany has been reinforced. Ever since, Romania and Germany have had bilateral ties and have closely worked together under the umbrella of regional and international organizations, such as the UN, OSCE and the Council of Europe.
In the last 7 years, Germany has been the main economic partner of Romania, and it is worth mentioning that the Romanian-German Commerce Chamber has played a vital role in these developments. Moreover, the cultural ties between the two countries remain strong, as they have been in the past. Moreover, numerous Romanian students have been given the opportunity to further their knowledge as part of the German Universities’ system.
The German community in Romania, the fourth ethnic community in the country, whose presence on Romanian territory dates back more than 800 years ago, is also an important factor that benefited and continues to contribute strongly to the development of the relations between the two countries.
With a view to our common history, we can proudly say that we have a solid basis for further developing the German-Romanian partnership within and for Europe. The upcoming visit of the President of Romania to the Federal Republic of Germany by the end of this month, as well as the visit to Romania of the Federal Minister of Foreign Affairs, Mr. Frank-Walter Steinmeier, are excellent opportunities in this respect”.