The analysis of the National Defence Ministry (MAPN) activity on 2014 is marked firstly by the change of the security environment in the extended region of the Black Sea, as well as by the growth of instability in the Alliance’s southern vicinity, in the Middle East towards Northern Africa, on Tuesday said the Defence minister Mircea Dusa in the annual report meeting of this ministry.
Mircea Dusa has specified that these things have generated, through their implications deep changes in the way of addressing the defence and security matters at the NATO and EU level.
‘Under these circumstances, the National Defence Ministry has responded rapidly, by generating a change of priorities as regards the objectives initially foreseen for 2014. The stress was put on measures of increasing the operational capacity of the Romanian Army, simultaneously with accomplishing the commitments arising from its quality of member state of the NATO, the EU, the UN and the OSCE. A particular importance was given to implementing the measures set through the strategic partnerships of Romania, with the United States of America especially, with its two dimensions, the project of the anti-missile shield at the Deveselu base and the development of the multimode Node and the Mihail Kogalniceanu transit Centre,’ the minister highlighted, quoted by Agerpres.
According to the Defence minister, 2014 was the best budget year for the army since 2008 up until now.
‘In 2014, the financial support ensured by Romania’s Government has allowed the Air Forces to continue the strategic Programme for endowment with the F-16 multirole aircraft, as well as the finalization of the endowment Programme with the C-27J Spartan short and medium-courier aircraft. As for the other categories of forces, field and naval, focus was on the increase of the state of efficiency of the equipment and further implementation of procurement programmes,’ Dusa added.
Mircea Dusa has also reviewed the Army’s endowment programmes, another top priority of the ministry.
In 2014, the procurement activity focused on the following priorities: the ‘Air Forces multirol aircraft’ strategic programme; the ‘C-27J Spartan medium-short courier’ programme, with all payments done for the goods and services delivered until 2014 and the payment for airplane no.7 (the last of the contract); the Hawk medium-range surface-to-air missile system; the ‘IAR 330 Puma Naval helicopter’ programme; the ‘8×8 Piranha armoured personnel carrier’ programme.
Dusa reminded that the participation in the missions in Afghanistan/ISAF and Kosovo/KFOR operation theatres was the main operational effort on 2014 as regards Romania’s commitment within the NATO.
‘Romania’s commitment to the European Union imposed its participation in the operations and missions under the Security Policy and Joint Defence. Therefore, in 2014 the MApN contributed to the EUFOR ALTHEA operations in Bosnia and Hertzegovina, in the EUFOR missions in the Central African Republic, in the EUNAVFOR ATALANTA mission of monitoring by the EU in Georgia, as well as in the training and counseling missions meant to develop the capability of the African states to manage crises, in EUTM Somalia, EUTM Mali, EUSEC Democratic Republic of Congo, respectively’, Mircea Dusa said.
Romania’s participation in operations and missions outside the national territory has totaled almost 1,200 troops in 2014.
In 2014, the number of exercises and training activities at national level grew as against 2013 by 25 pct, while those executed at bilateral/allied level have recorded a 133 pct increase.
President Klaus Iohannis: We need a clear, unitary, coherent legislation, less bureaucracy and endowments matching the current challenges
Present at the meeting presenting the 2014 annual report of the National Defence Ministry , President Klaus Iohannis said that a clear, unitary and coherent legislation, alongside less bureaucracy and endowments to match the current challenges and Romania’s commitments, are needed.
‘In my capacity of commander of the armed forces and president of the Supreme Council of Country’s Defence (CSAT), I’ll pay due attention both to matters regarding the issues in keeping with the optimization of the legal and organizational framework of an efficient, quick structure of force and to the good preparation of the Army and its proper training and endowment. We need a clear, unitary, coherent legislation, less bureaucracy and endowments matching the current challenges and our commitments, too,’ Klaus Iohannis said at the MApN HQs.
He underlined the preoccupations he believes should exist further as regards the Army.
‘According to the Constitution’s provisions and within the period provided by the Law of defence planning, I will present the Parliament the new National Strategy of Country’s Defence. This document will assess the international security environment, will present the potential risks, threats and vulnerabilities, as well as the action directions to ensuring Romania’s national security on the long term. According to the law, based on this document and on the White Charter of the Defence, the National Defence Ministry will elaborate a new Military Strategy, the last document endorsed as such dating since 2000. Likewise, in accordance with the commitments and priorities of the current governing programme, the defence strategic revision process should be finalised, with a paramount role upon the planning and generation of national and multinational defence capabilities. The resolving of overdue matters accumulated in the past years and the observation of the deadlines, are a political duty and a proof of responsibility and seriousness. These are essential to ensuring strategic credibility,’ the head of state said.
He said that in accordance with the operational needs and the budget prognoses, grown at 2 pct of the GDP, a rethinking of the strategic framework on the procurement priorities is a must.
‘Our joint target is to ensure toning in of the procurement policies with the defence planning and the resources we’ve got through the budget. In a short-term outlook, it is mandatory to fulfill our goals assumed jointly at the last summit of the North-Atlantic Alliance, in particular the operationalisation of the two new commands, as well as to finalise, in accordance with the calendar set with the US strategic partner, the Deveselu Base’s operationalisation,’ Iohannis added.
He stressed that there will be necessary a more active presence in the development of the Security and Defence Joint Policy of the European Union, given that soon the revision process of the European Security Strategy is to begin.