The number of Romanians and Bulgarians settled in Germany in the past 12 months has gone up by some 120,000 people. As many as 352,544 Romanian citizens were settled in that country in 2014, on the rise from 2013 (267,398 people), shows a survey carried out by the Friedrich Ebert Romania Foundation and issued on Monday for Agerpres.
“The new comers enter a workforce market where workers from Southeastern Europe are integrated relatively well, although they are poorly paid and hold positions that do not correspond to their skill level. The share of Romanian and Bulgarian citizens with higher education in Germany is 26.3%, but only 13.7% of them have a job that requires holding a university degree. In 2014, the employment rate of Romanians and Bulgarians was visibly higher, and their social security contributions increased. The employment rate of Romanians and Bulgarians rose in one year by 13 percentage points, having reached 56%. A percentage of 83% of Romanians and Bulgarians with work contracts in Germany are working under forms with compulsory social contributions. The gross average income earned by Romanian and Bulgarian workers is 1,885 euros – visibly below that of German and other foreign workers settled in Germany. The unemployment rate amongst Romanian citizens in Germany stood at 6.6% in 2014, significantly lower compared to the unemployment rate of other immigrants, but also compared to the general unemployment rate in Germany,” reads the cited survey.
According to the survey, defrauding social systems and “social tourism” are not supported by evidence.
“Neither the Federal Government nor police’s judicial statistics can provide figures on defrauding the social protection system in Germany. In 2013, only 141 suspects from Romania and 54 ones from Bulgaria were registered, that is 0.05% of the citizens of the two countries settled in Germany.
To emigrate to Germany in order to obtain social benefits is almost impossible due to the rigors of the German legislation. Anyway, 2014 did not bring a disproportionately high number of entries [of Romanian workers] compared to previous years, much less any ‘wave’, reads the said survey.