A new Annual Report by “Save the Children” Association, showing the situation of mothers at world level, exposes the fact that Romania is on the last position in the EU when it comes to conditions provided to future mothers.
In the world chart of countries based on best conditions granted to mothers, our country is on the 66th position.
According to the sixteenth Annual Report by the “Save the Children” Organization – “Situation of Mothers at World Level”, this position places Romania last in the EU, at considerable distance after Hungary (the 51st position) and Bulgaria (44th position).
Moreover, Romania is left behind in the world chart by states with relatively lower possibilities, such as Belarus (25th position), Serbia (35th position) or Montenegro (42th position).
Of the 179 states included in the report, Norway is on the first position in the chart, followed by other Northern countries, while Somalia is placed last for the second year in a row.
The highest positioned capitals in this chart are Prague (Czech Republic), Stockholm (Sweden), Oslo (Norway), Tokyo (Japan) and Lisbon (Portugal).
“Survival at birth is a fundamental right of any child and it should not be conditioned by the country that child is born in. Unfortunately, Romania is still the last in Europe at this chapter and this is why, for five years, Save the Children makes constant efforts, by the infant mortality reduction program – to diminish birth risks both for babies and mothers”, Gabriela Alexandrescu, Executive President for “Save the Children” declared.
Infant mortality death rate is still high in villages
In Romania, there is an obvious disparity of performances, based on residence environment. Thus, the infant mortality rate is constantly higher in rural regions – 10.4‰, in 2013 – compared to the one in urban environment – 6.8‰ (INS, 2013).
The causes of the disparity between rural and urban regions, regarding the medical care for mothers and babies, as revealed by the research completed by the “Save the Children” Organization, are based, mostly, to the spare access to medical services, to the grand distance to organizations that grant such medical services, to the low level of education in young mothers and to the low level of income in the household.
The infant mortality rate is still over the national average in certain regions of Romania, such as the one in North-East – 20,1‰, the one in the South and Wallachia – 19,3‰, and in South-West – 18,2‰.
This year’s report also exposes major disparities regarding the access to health care of rich and poor patients in the grand cities all over the world. The report established that the mere localization in urban environment is no guarantee at all for future mothers.
For the first time in history, more than half of the world’s population lives in cities, yet, cities are unable to efficiently deal with the population flow and to cover the basic needs of millions of mothers and their children.
The “Mothers Situation at World Level” chart reflects a composite result that derives from five different indexes targeting: the mother’s welfare, the mother’s health, the child’s welfare, the level of education system, economical status and political status.