Several stations generating electricity from renewable sources with a combined installed power of over 60 MW and total investment of more than EUR 100 M will be put into service in Romania in the coming period, according to Mediafax.
‘In the upcoming period, 40 MW in wind electricity stations (CEE Babadag 3 – 30 MW and CEE Casimcea 1 – 10 MW), 18 MW in photovoltaic electricity stations (CEF Onesti), 15 MW in biomass electricity stations (CEB Reci) will be connected to the Electricity Transport Grid of Transelectrica’, national electric power transmission company Transelectrica informs.
Given the estimated cost for developing 1 MW according to the source of energy, the total investment is over EUR 100 M.
The installed power in the National Energy System on 1 April 2015 was 22,308 MW in total: hydro 6,376 MW (28.5%), coal 5,718 MW (25.6%), hydrocarbons 4,539 MW (20.3%), wind 2,953 MW (13.2%), nuclear 1,413 MW (6.3%), solar 1,208 MW (5.4%), biomass 100 MW (0.45%) and geothermal 0.05 MW.
In 2014, Romania produced a total of 60.6 TWh of electric power, more by 11.3% than in 2013 – 54.4 TWh.
‘The increase of local production was triggered, on the one hand, by the growth of domestic demand by 1.9% in 2014 compared to 2013 and, on the other hand, by the growth of the balance of electricity traded in a cross-border system by 254.7% compared to 2013’, Transelectrica data also says.
According to the 2014-2023 Electricity Transmission Network Development Plan of Transelectrica, the net production of electricity of Romania might rise to 68 TWh by 2018 and to 77.4 TWh by 2023.
The same document indicates that 80% of the thermo-electric groups are beyond their normal life span. In addition, for the 2014 to 2023 period, the analysis of the development of the grid considered a programme of final retirements of thermo-electric groups upon end of lifespan or because of low efficiency and non-compliance with EU pollution norms, totalling 3,245 MW net available power, of which 2,263 MW by 2018.
As for the plans to install new facilities, according to the information sent by existing producers, they come up to an estimated net available power of approximately 6,231 MW, exclusive of those based on renewable energy sources.
The European directives against climate changes and for the promotion of renewable resources target a 20% reduction compared to 1990 values of greenhouse gas emissions, a 20% rise in efficiency and 20% share of renewable energies in the total energy used in the EU by 2020.