Electricity production stood at 64.863 TWh last year, approximately 10.5 per cent higher than the one registered in 2013. Romania was a net exporter of electricity, its electricity trade registering a surplus of 7.123 TWh, according to a report authored by the National Energy Regulatory Authority (ANRE). Domestic consumption stood at approximately 57.74 TWh, up by 1.9 per cent compared to 2013.
“Concerning the energy mix, the growth of capacity installed in wind and solar farms implicitly raised their share in the production mix, that share reaching in 2014 the level of 9.56 per cent in the case of wind power (8.05 per cent in 2013) and 2.52 per cent in the case of solar power (0.7 per cent in 2013). However, there is a 3.54 per cent drop in the share held by electricity produced by hydrocarbon-burning power plants, from 15.5 per cent in 2013 to 11.96 per cent in 2014, and a 1.7 per cent drop in the share held by electricity produced by coal-burning power plants, from 29.65 per cent in 2013 to 27.95 per cent in 2014,” the report shows.
In what concerns the electricity production of hydropower plants, considering that the Danube’s average discharge remained at a high level last year, namely 6,019 cubic meters per second, the share held by the electricity produced by hydropower plants stood at 29.22 per cent, up by 3.47 per cent year-on-year.
The maximum value of consumption registered in 2014 was 145 MW higher year-on-year, but 217 MW smaller compared to the peak registered in 2012, a year that was characterized by a particularly cold winter.
Thus, the maximum gross consumption stood at 9,303 MWh per hour and was registered on 3 December 2014, at 6 p.m. The minimum consumption level (4,092 MWh per hour) was registered on 8 June 2014, at 7 a.m.
Danube power plants operate at emergency levels
The electricity production of the hydropower plants located on the Danube – the Iron Gates I and II – was lower on Tuesday by approximately 30 per cent compared to an average day, the Danube’s discharge being at the average level for August (4,300 cubic meters per second).
Sources from Hidroelectrica’s Iron Gates Subsidiary stated for Agerpres that the 1,600 cubic meters per second drop in Danube’s discharge level, caused by the drought registered along the Danube and its tributaries, meant that the two plants’ turbines were operational for a smaller period of time.
The six turbines of Iron Gates I and the ten turbines of Iron Gates II should normally pump in the electricity transmission grid, in a regular year precipitation-wise, a quantity of 5,241 GWh. This does not happen now because of the low quantity of usable water.
According to the same sources, the forecast issued by the National Institute for Hydrology and Water Management (INHGA) points out that the discharge levels will remain unchanged over the next four days at the Bazias, Iron Gates I and Iron Gates II hydrometric stations, a fact that will not positively influence the production of electricity.