The emigration behavior within the population of Romania has changed in 2013 – 2014, as compared to the years 2000, the women having left the country in a greater proportion than men (55pct vs 45pct), the EU integration process being a “peak” of the international migration, according to National Institute of Statistics(INS) chairman Tudorel Andrei.
In exchange, at immigration level, in Romania come more men than women.
“In the 2000s, it was quite the opposite. More men than women were emigrating,” said the INS head on Friday, in a press conference.
Andrei specified that in general most of the emigrants belong to the age category 20 – 50 years, and within this segment the most who emigrate are aged between 40 and 50.
“Migration of the people aged between 40-45 years of age is high also because in 1968 we have witnessed a peak of births: over 500,000. Many people who have left the country belong to this segment. What has happened 40-50 years ago is now mirrored in the population’s level,” he added.
The INS head specified that on January 1 2015 Romania counted for a resident population of 19,861,408.
“As compared to January 1, 2014 the resident population diminished by approximately 90,000 persons. This drop was the result, most of it, of the natural increase, meaning the number of births is below the number of deaths. In general, at Romania’s level, from 1990 until today the number of deaths was 240,000 – 250,000 persons, while the number of births decreased from 230,000 – 240,000 to below 180,000 in 2014,” he explained.
To this natural drop of the population adds the international migration.
In the context, he underlined that Romania’s demographical change was marked by the year 1990, the demographic transition, the international migration and the cultural model being among the determining factors. Statistically speaking, at the beginning of the 20th century, a woman gave birth to 5.9 children; the number dropped to 2.2 in 1989 and to 1.4 in 2014.