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May 17, 2022

President Iohannis calls international community to step up efforts against terrorism

President Klaus Iohannis says the international community must do more to fight terrorism.

The consolidation of international justice should result in a consolidated judicial approach to international terrorism, the President declared at the 70th General Assembly of the United Nations on Tuesday.

Terrorism is the highest degree of crime against individuals and societies. In Romania’s view, the international community should do more to fight terrorism with legal instruments, including international criminal law, Iohannis said.

In this context, he mentioned that Romania has initiated, with Spain’s support, a reflection process on the possible establishment of an International Court for Terrorist Crimes.

Terrorism is a threat to peace, and Romania supports refraining from using the veto right in the UN Security Council when it comes to actions to prevent war crimes, the President stressed. He reasserted Romania’s support to the initiative of France and Mexico to propose a volunteer collective agreement of the permanent members of the Security Council when action is needed to prevent or terminate mass atrocities and wide-scale war crimes.

According to Iohannis, the UN must assume new commitments in the fight against all manifestations of terrorism – cowardly crimes against innocent people, barbarian destruction of the mankind’s cultural heritage and the unprecedented heinous form developed by the so-called ISIS / Da’esh, whose actions are blatant violations of the international laws and of the human rights everybody else strives to support.

The mere existence of such an entity is an open threat to peace and stability; the UN must reaffirm its unity in confront of such a threatening aggression, and the Security Council should firmly act to catalyse the collective action against this flagrant threat to the world peace, the President declared.

He emphasized, however, that the United Nations are no panacea for all the wrong of mankind. History has ups and downs, successes and failures, and everybody knows that multiplying and enhancing the missions entrusted to it were not offset by the necessary resources to achieve all its goals. Asking the UN to do more with less resources has become common practice; nevertheless, in 70 years of all kinds of trials, the UN Charter proves to a visionary document that passed the test of history.

Romania is among the states that unconditionally support the UN, as in 2015 it celebrates 60 years since joining the organization. Romania has a limited economic strength; nevertheless, it takes pride in its significant contribution to the UN over these six decades. The essence of this contribution was the trust in multilateral diplomacy and in the rule of law, alongside the priority to peaceful means instead of using force to fulfil the national interests, the President added.

UN should solve realistically, energetically the main causes of migration

President Klaus Iohannis on Tuesday said that the United Nations should solve in a realistic, energetic way the main causes of the migration.

The current migration waves are but one of the worrying consequences of the internal, international conflicts in the Middle East and the area from the South of the Mediterranean Sea. This phenomenon not only calls for reactions to the immediate humanitarian needs of the refugees, Iohannis said during the debates of the 70th session of the UN General Assembly.

He opined that a deep reform of the Official Assistance for Development is necessary.

We must stop the ruining of the social structures of the conflict-affected societies and help the populations to get rid of the extreme poverty, the young to regain hope in a better future and all peoples to re-build their dignity. Through the Official Assistance for Development, the UN should play a much stronger role in this respect. In order to accomplish this, a deep reform of the Official Assistance for Development is probably necessary, the Romanian head of state added.

Romania welcomes Iran nuclear file accord with enthusiasm
President Klaus Iohannis said on Tuesday Romania welcomes the accord on the Iranian nuclear file.

Romania welcomes the accord on the Iranian nuclear file with enthusiasm. This fact proves that nothing is impossible if there is genuine political will and if visionary leaders commit themselves to ambitious actions, Iohannis said at the general debates of the 70th session of the U.N. General Assembly.

He voiced hope the agreement will have other benefits too, in the broader context of the Middle East peace process.

The Romanian leader urged the United Nations members not to miss the opportunity of signing a new mandatory agreement as a reaction to the climate changes.

The time is still propitious, in view of the European Union commitments as well as of the massive activism of the civil society. It is to be expected that other major factors contributing to global warming follow the European Union’s example. People from all over the world, especially those in the small island countries, whose physical existence is being threatened expect new commitments before it is too late, the president stressed.

President Iohannis asks UN to be less tolerant with Transnistria, Georgia, Nagorno-Karabakh conflicts

President Klaus Iohannis on Tuesday said that the United Nations should be less tolerant with the conflicts in Transnistria, Georgia and Nagorno-Karabakh.

The United Nations should be less tolerant as regards the lasting conflicts in the Transnistria region of the Republic of Moldova, in Georgia and in Nagorno-Karabakh. Any status quo in situations contrary to the international law are always fragile and could lead to occasional outbursts of violence, said Iohannis said within the general debates of the 70th session of the UN General Assembly.

He maintained that the lack of action in such situations fathers the wrong impression that obtaining illegal territories, despite the sovereign, independent states is possible and tolerated.

It is the case of the situation in Ukraine, on which the United Nations and the Security Council, in particular, have failed to take any action measures that are provided by the UN Charter. We urge all the Security Council’s member states to act responsibly and decide in the interest of peace and international security, and in accordance with the international law to solving the situation in Ukraine, the Romanian head of state completed.

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