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May 20, 2022

Miners’ Riot file: Former president Ion Iliescu charged of crimes against humanity

Former President of Romania Ion Iliescu is accused of crimes against humanity, the General Prosecutor’s office announced on Wednesday.

Iliescu was summoned in the morning at the General Prosecutor’s Office of the High Court of Cassation and Justice (ICCJ, Romania’s Supreme Court) to be officially informed he is a suspect in the criminal case known as ‘Mineriada’ – the Miners’ Riot. He is charged of crimes against humanity.

On October 16, the military prosecutors have decided to change the legal classification and to conduct further criminal prosecution for crimes against humanity, consisting in the violent suppression of a demonstration in central Bucharest’s University Square on June 13, 1990, when four people were killed and three suffered gunshot injuries; approximately 1,000 individuals were abusively detained on June 14 and 15 1990, following violent attacks by miners and workers of several industrial centres countrywide, the PG announced in its Wednesday’s press release.

The same order of the prosecutors extended the prosecution for the same acts to other individuals who held senior state civil, military or management positions at the time.

In March 2015, the ICCJ upheld General Prosecutor Tiberiu Nitu’s decision to reopen the investigation in the June 13-15 1990 Miners’ Riot criminal case. Former president Ion Iliescu, miners’ union leader Miron Cozma, former prime minister Petre Roman, generals Mihai Chitac and Gheorghe Andruta and several officers were investigated over time in several criminal cases on those events. The prosecutors eventually concluded that approximately 1,300 persons have been injured and approximately 100 persons have died in the ‘Mineriada’ – one of the several that occurred in the 1990s in Romania.

The former head of the Romanian Intelligence Service (SRI) Virgil Magureanu was also heard by the General Prosecutor’s Office on Wednesday morning, in the same case. The prosecution against him and Iliescu had ceased in 2008.

The former president made no statements, neither upon arriving, nor when exiting the PG’s building.

Former Intelligence Service head Virgil Magureanu accused of crimes against humanity, too

Former head of the Romanian Intelligence Service (SRI), Virgil Magureanu was accused on Wednesday of crimes against humanity, in the criminal case known as ‘Mineriada’ – Miners’ Riot of June 13-15, 1990.

The General Prosecutor’s (PG) office informed him on Wednesday morning he was a suspect in this case. Upon leaving the PG headquarters, however, he answered media questions about the reason of his summoning by saying it was “in order to establish according to the truth all that happened back then. It is not only my attribution to restore the truth. Contribute to it is all I can do.”

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