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January 27, 2022

A diplomatic initiative of the President of Kazakhstan: Creating a unique global network to fight against global terrorism and extremism

On September 28, 2015, New York hosted the jubilee of the 70th session of the United Nations General Assembly, which has become a renowned event in the history of this Organization.

In light of the increased tension within the relations of the great world actors, this event was expected to provide more than the usual. Maybe global dialogue will help defuse the situation?

The United Nations Organization is, without a doubt, a universal platform for negotiation. Its contribution in establishing world peace and in solving global problems is difficult to estimate.

But how efficient is it at this time? This is a question that has already exasperated us. Talks have already been held at the UN about the need for reform for the past two decades. This issue is actually handled by an independent working group. But nothing ever changes in this respect.

We must underline that the world today is different than the one after the Second World War, when UNO was established. The territorial disputes and ethnic conflicts, the everlasting war in Syria and Ukraine in flames, the Middle East, constantly torn by a state of warfare, global terrorism which never ceases to lose ground – and this is not the full list of acute problems on the current agenda of the UN.

The objective stipulated in the Organization’s Statute, that of maintaining international peace and safety, as well as developing friendly relations between states, seems to be increasingly complicated today. The UN has mostly turned into a ring for verbal battle, rather than a platform for dialogue.

Given the existing contradictions, the speech of Kazakh leader Nursultan Nazarbayev sounded constructive and significant. Taking into account the predominant realities, the idea of the Kazakh president is quite actual in terms of creating a unique world network to fight against global terrorism and extremism. Namely, a comprehensive document to fight this “evil” must be adopted under the aegis of the UN.

Lord Hurd, former Minister of Foreign Affairs during the Margaret Thatcher and John Major governments, deemed the initiatives of the Kazakh president as verified and completely realistic.

Being a renowned Central Asia expert and the foreign minister who visited Kazakhstan in 1991 and who sent an official note to the British Ministry of Foreign Affairs regarding the recognition of Kazakhstan’s independence, he believes the idea of a Global Anti-Crisis plan to be extremely up-to-date. Douglas Hurd, former United Kingdom Minister of Foreign Affairs, stated: “(…) I agree with the president of Kazakhstan regarding the fact that terrorism, migration and other negative events represent the result of economic crisis, poverty, illiteracy and unemployment. And we may only solve these issues by working together.”
According to a known expert from Kyrgyzstan, the Managing Director of the Political Scientist Association and member of the Writers’ Union in the Republic of Kyrgyzstan, T. Kakchekeev, Kazakhstan’s President Nursultan Nazarbayev genuinely touched on one of the most up-to-date topics of the global system today – the threat represented by terrorism and extremism for the international global civilization.

Also in this regard, T. Kakchekeev expressed his opinion on the problem amplifying based on the events, subject to arguments and incontestable facts, giving his country as an example, where the religious organization “Tablighi Jamaat”, known throughout the world for its extremist movements, is at large.

We must also state that the international public opinion also considered the ideas of the head of the Kazakh state regarding the creation of a super-national currency and “reassembling” the UNO headquarters on the Asian continent. And, if we think a little closer, these initiatives not only have a right to exist, but also to be implemented. For everyone knows that throughout the UN’s existence, certain fundamental geopolitical and economic processes on the world global map have slowly moved to the largest continent in the world – Asia.

The Korean diplomats enthusiastically support a possible reinstatement of the UN headquarters in Asia. “The development center is transferred here for a reason. In this regard, the vision of the Kazakh president, or rather, the statement about moving the headquarters of the association is being discussed around the world. And this is a very realistic and constructive proposal. President Nursultan Nazarbayev concretely established the tasks within his proposals. He sees the plan developed over a period of 30 years. And this requires special attention” – stated Cho Yong Chong, Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary Ambassador of the Korean Republic in the Republic of Kazakhstan.

Renate Schimkoreit, General German Consul in Alma-Ata (Almaty) observed: “I believe such proposals concerning, for example, the unique international currency, are of great interest”.

The objectives on the new UN agenda coincide with the priorities of Kazakhstan, according to the diplomats. We need to grant special attention to the transfer of 1% of the defense budget to the UN Special Fund for Sustainable Development.

Despite the time that elapsed from the UN General Assembly jubilee session to the moment the world was forever changed after the initiation of the military operations of the Russian armed forces in Syria, the speech of the president of Kazakhstan is still being debated and quoted by international leaders and diplomats. Among them is the Ambassador of Holland in Kazakhstan, Hans Drisser. He fully supports the proposals regarding environmental safety. The diplomat was really fond of the proposals made by the President of the Republic of Kazakhstabn, concerning nuclear disarming and global security. And the establishment of the nuclear fuel bank of the AIEA in his country, according to him, is a sign of increased trust from the international community. He stated the following: “(…) The speech of the President of Kazakhstan, Nursultan Nazarbayev, is verified and completed by concrete proposals. Therefore, it is difficult not to appreciate the initiative for creating a global anti-nuclear movement, considering that Kazakhstan has willingly renounced the fourth largest nuclear arsenal, which resulted following the collapse of the Soviet Union.”

Summarizing his speech in New York, despite the current difficult challenges, N. Nazarbayev underlined the political and economic achievements of Kazakhstan, as well as the desire and initiative of his country to settle, constructively and most of all peacefully, all problems on the international “agenda”.

This country is the main candidate for the chair of non-permanent member of the Security Council for 2017-2018. Yes, the state is young, yes, it is ambitious, but from the perspective of many observers of international relations, it is ready to assume such a responsibility.

Because in recent years, Kazakhstan has continued its rise on the global stage.

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