According to the changes in the electoral laws adopted in 2015, we will have a smaller Parliament, including members selected from lists, county council presidents elected indirectly and mayors gaining the management of localities in one voting round.
The local elections are due to be organized this spring, no later than the end of May, and Parliament elections are due no later than the end of November.
Mayors, elected in one voting round
The election of mayors will be based on only one voting round, as it happened in 2012, when laws were changed during the Boc Government, Mediafax reports. Instead, the new law stipulates that the Presidents of Local Councils cannot be elected by direct vote, as it happened during the previous term, but they will be elected from County Councilors, based on the vote of the majority.
So far, the leading parties did not announce their lists of candidates, not even for elections in Bucharest. The National Liberal Party is an exception, as they proposed the member of the European Parliament Cristian Busoi as candidate for the General Mayoralty, while, at PSD, Vice-President Gabriela Firea tops the chart of preferences according to inside opinion polls.
In the case of PSD, decisions were also delayed by the fact that no decision was reached yet regarding the collaboration with UNPR. Social-Democrats will meet in the midst of January inside a National Executive Committee, including new discussions regarding the collaboration with UNPR and the status of candidate lists.
Liberals announced by the end of last year that 1,800 candidates were established already for local elections and they are due to be launched this month.
List-based voting : 466 Deputies and Senators, compared to 588, elected in 2012
The new laws stipulate that the parliamentary elections due in the autumn of 2016 will be based on the list-based voting, used for the last time at the elections of 2004.
The new electoral law stipulates a norm of representation of 73,000 inhabitants for Deputies and of 168,000 for Senators, which will lead to a decrease in the number of members of the Parliament, as Romania Libera shows.
Thus, 308 Deputies will be picked, as well as 18 Deputies of minorities and 134 Senators. The Legislative will consist of 466 Deputies and Senators, compared to 588 elected in 2012.
The Diaspora will be represented in the future, too, by four Deputies and two Senators. A premiere is represented, nonetheless, by the introduction of the postal voting for this kind of elections. Quitting the single-winner voting with a compensation system will lead to the decrease in the number of Parliament members: nonetheless, the proposal validated by the national headcount of 2009 referring to the single chamber Parliament and cutting the number of Parliament members to 300 remains on paper.
For Parliament elections, PSD failed yet to establish the final criteria to select its candidates, but leaders announced that the members of the Parliament in office who had registered a great number of absences during the present term will not be included on the lists anymore; nor will be the persons who fail to respect the norms of the new Code of Ethics and Conduct.
Liberals adopted a series of criteria that will eliminate from the race for parliamentary elections the wanderers and the candidates with criminal issues.