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Academician Solomon Marcus dies at 91

Academician Solomon Marcus died on Thursday, at Bucharest’s Fundeni Hospital. He was a member of the Romanian Academy and had Doctor of Science titles in mathematics. He published numerous books and articles on various topics related to culture, poetics, linguistics, semiotics, philosophy, history of science and education.

Solomon Marcus published over 50 volumes in Romania, which were translated in several international languages. Likewise, the academician published around 400 articles in peer-reviewed scientific journals, his works being cited by over 1,000 authors.

In 1993, he became a corresponding member of the Romanian Academy and was elected member of the Academy in 2001.

Up to the last moment, Solomon Marcus was very involved in the problems that Romanian society faces and in developing Romanian education.

“Our education system is yet to find out what learning means. The system, meaning those who thought it through in the form in which it’s being implemented, in the current textbooks, in the model of teaching. For today’s school, to learn means to gain knowledge, information, to store information, to be able to reproduce them when they are asked of you, in order for you to be assessed, to be able to apply them in standard cases,” the mathematician was stating in an interview for ‘Gandul.’

He also had a reaction worthy of mention in what concerns the plagiarism scandals.

“We are living in a society in which intellectual theft is not seen as theft by most of the population. This is happening because generations upon generations were left uneducated about the idea of intellectual ownership. Because of this, in many cases intellectual work is not appreciated,” the academician added for the aforementioned source.

 

Romanian Academy: Romanian science, culture, society suffer a great loss; Solomon Marcus, an exceptional personality

 

Solomon Marcus was an exceptional personality, the paragon of a savant and the consciousness of his times, the Romanian Academy said Thursday, at the death of academician Solomon Marcus.

”The Romanian Academy is deeply saddened to inform about the passing of academician Solomon Marcus, a well-reputed scientists with a solid international career developed along more than 65 years. (…) The Romanian Academy is suffering today a great loss. It is a great loss to the Romanian science, culture and society,” the Romanian Academy said in a press statement on Thursday.

It says that Solomon Marcus was an exceptional personality, the paragon of a savant and the consciousness of his times, sensible to the grave problems of the society, in which he got involved delicately, carefully and discerningly.

”His voice was always heard with dignity in the academic milieu, under the cupola of the Romanian Academy, in the academe, as well as in the public space, the media and public bodies. In all that he did, Solomon Marcus was a true free and innovative spirit, a Humanist in the full meaning of the word, with a unique capacity to express himself with aplomb and responsibility in the world of ideas and the space of pragmatism. Equally respected and loved by the member of the Romanian Academy, collaborators from abroad, university colleagues, disciples, students and especially children, Solomon Marcus respected and loved all of them in his turn,” the statement says.

Solomon Marcus is said to have equally excelled in classical fields of science as well as new fields, being one of the world’s illustrious representatives of transdisciplinarity. His research was grounded in mathematical analysis, mathematical linguistics, theoretical computer science, mathematical poetry, semiotics, science history and philosophy, mathematical models of natural sciences and social and human sciences.

The Romanian Academy says the results of Solomon Marcus’ mathematical analysis and quantity analysis research early in his career continue to be still valid and quoted in scientific papers all around the world, 40-50 years after their initial publication.

Solomon Marcus is also acknowledged as a pioneer of mathematical linguistics, and his models for linguistic categories, such as phonemes, grammar case and gender, morphological homonymy, syntax projectivity, distinctions between scientific and poetic languages and strategy of drama charters caught the attention of hundreds of linguists, mathematicians, computer scientists, semioticians, philosophers and literary theoreticians.

He is mentioned in the world’s prestigious encyclopaedias, including Brockhaus, the Italian Encyclopaedia, Encyclopaedia Universalis, as well as specialist encyclopaedias of mathematics, computer science, cybernetics, linguistics, semiotics and literature, according to the Romanian Academy.

”In the field of education, he advocated new curricula and new relationships between teachers and pupils, teachers and students as well as for a new kind of school textbooks in which the emphasis to switch from interrogative to dubitative by introducing critical spirit and ludic elements in learning. He was also an advocate of culture underpinned by balance and interaction between sciences and arts, between ‘hard’ sciences and social and human sciences,” says the Romanian Academy.

 

President Iohannis: Academician Solomon Marcus – a role model by his scientific performance, dedication

 

Through his scientific performance and dedication in building an education system centred on the student’s real needs, Solomon Marcus represents a role model we can all relate to, President Klaus Iohannis said on Thursday in a condolence message conveyed at the death of the academician.

“I learned with great sadness of the passing of academician Solomon Marcus. His scientific performance and dedication to building an education system centred on the real needs of the students provide a role model we can all relate to. He will dwell forever in our hearts and thoughts for the tenacity, wisdom and love whereby he completed his life and career,” Iohannis wrote in a Facebook post.

Conveying condolences on the death of Solomon Marcus, the head of the state says that “he is on the side of those who respect and love the academician.”

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