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September 30, 2022

Cernavoda nuclear power plant marks 20 years of uninterrupted activity

+ Construction works started in 1979 +  Two 700-MWh reactors currently operational +  Memorandum signed with China General Nuclear Power Corporation for completion of two more


Romanian President Ion Iliescu and Canadian Prime Minister Jean Chretien officially inaugurated the nuclear power plant in Cernavoda on 17 April 1996. Romania thus joined the club of countries producing nuclear energy.

Nuclear reactors 1 and 2, currently operational, have an installed power production capacity of 700 MWh apiece. The two reactors produce approximately 20 percent of the electricity consumed by Romania.

The Cernavoda nuclear plant features Canadian CANDU 6 (Canadian Deuterium Uranium) technology, using natural uranium as nuclear fuel and heavy water as moderator and cooling agent.

Cernavoda nuclear plant’s reactor no.1 was commissioned on 2 December 1996, while reactor no.2 was commissioned on 28 September 2007.

The memorandum of understanding on the design, construction, commissioning and decommissioning of reactors no.3 and no.4 was signed by Nuclearelectrica and China General Nuclear Power Corporation at the start of November last year, the authorities announcing back then that the construction works will start in two years’ time at most.

The Cernavoda nuclear power plant is located on the right bank of the Danube, on the platform of a former limestone quarry.

The first construction works started in January 1979, and they concerned the completion of a small-scale experimental model of the concrete reactor building. This was needed in order to ascertain specific data related to the location, data that concerned the interaction between the soil and the building in case of earthquakes.

A surface area of 205 hectares was initially foreseen, of which 116 hectares were expected to feature permanent buildings. After 1990, the Government decided that the surface area should stand at 292 hectares.



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