“Dimitrie Gusti” National Village Museum, the most visited touristic attraction in Bucharest and the third one in the country, after Peles Castle and Bran Castle, celebrates 80 years.
The Village Museum, located on the shore of the Herastrau Lake, covers 30 hectares and includes 76 complexes grouped by regions: Oltenia, Transylvania and Banat, Moldova, Dobrogea and Muntenia.
You can find here over 320 architectural traditional monuments, as well as artifacts even three hundred years old.
The museum also has a contemporary folk art gallery, where there is a permanent exhibition with sale. Here you can find objects made by contemporary folk artists, plastic artists and small companies working in the field of folk art.
The Village Museum is a creation of the folklorist and sociologist Dimitrie Gusti. He said that “to be understood, objects must be placed so as to compile a true village, not in stands, but in the people’s yard”. In these circumstances, an open air museum was necessary. Gusti worked on the project with great specialists of the Bucharest Sociological School who coordinated the monographic research: Henri H. Stahl, Victor Ion Popa, Mihai Pop, Mac Constantinescu (Mihai Filip ), Traian Herseni.
Buildings all over the country were dismantled and brought to Bucharest in 56 railway wagons. 130 artisans who performed the reconstruction of 29 households also came in the Capital. In addition, they have done a wooden church, five windmills, a water mill, an oil press, a distiller, a fishery, a tavern, six fountains, several trinities and a swing.
According to TVR 1, on the occasion of the celebration, National Bank of Romania has launched several special coins, namely a numismatic mint set made of silver, consisting in the current Romanian coins: 1 ban, 5 bani, 10 bani, 50 bani and the commemorative coins of 50 bani, as well as a silver medal.