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March 3, 2021

Romania’s ecosystems to be mapped by 2018 under project worth 3.38 ml euro

Romania’s ecosystems and their services will be mapped by 2018 under a project worth 3.38 million euros, financed through the 2009 – 2014 Financial Mechanism of the European Economic Area (EEA), according to data presented by the National Environmental Protection Agency (ANPM) at a specialist conference on Wednesday.
The project titled ‘Demonstration and promotion of natural values in support of decision-making in Romania’ is included in the RO02 – Biodiversity and ecosystem services program, financed under the 2009 – 2014 EEA Financial Mechanism.
ANPM, acting as project promoter, will implement the required activities alongside its partners: the Norwegian Institute for Nature Research (NINA), WWF Romania and the Romanian Space Agency.
The total eligible value of the project is 3.38 million euros, 2.878 million euros of which are covered by the 85 pct grant offered under the EEA Financial Mechanism and 507,918 euro, representing the remaining 15 pct of the financing, come from the national budget.
The main goal of the project is the mapping and nationwide biophysical assessment of the ecosystems and the services provided by ecosystems selected in accordance with the Mapping and Assessment of Ecosystems and their Services (MAES), a process that is currently underway throughout the EU.
The completion date for the project’s implementation is January 2017, and the entire mapping process is due for completion in 2018.
According to official data presented on Wednesday by ANPM at the conference for the project’s presentation, natural and semi-natural ecosystems account for 47 percent of Romania’s area.
Romania is home to some of Europe’s most valuable ecosystems that stretch on no less than 1.6 million hectares (scientific reserves, nature reserves, national parks, natural monuments), plus the Danube Delta Biosphere Reserve with 580,000 hectares.
Natural protected areas established in Romania, Natura 2000 sites (nature protection areas of European interest) included, represent 23 percent of the country’s area, and forests in these area represent 45 percent of the national forestland. National and nature parks (the Danube Delta excluded) represent only 5 percent of Romania’s area.
According to information published at the end of January 2016 by the Romanian Ornithological Society, at the end of the previous year Romania had 1,486 protected areas, up by 156.6 percent from the reference year 1990.
Statistics presented on the 25th anniversary of environmental programs show that at the end of 2015 there were 13 national parks and 15 nature parks, while Romania’s Natura 2000 network included 383 Sites of Community Importance (SCI) and 148 Special Protected Sites (SPA).
In the European Union, Natura 2000 sites cover 18 percent of the land area and 4 percent of the seas, being the world’s largest network of protected areas, covering a total of 1.039 million sq.km.

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