Political parties are competing in electoral promises in order to win the parliamentary elections of December 11. Politicians promise to double salaries of the doctors and teachers, as well as the students’ allowances, to build new hospitals, to eliminate taxes and non-fiscal fees, as well as to continue the reforms to modernize justice. RomaniaTV.net offers a comparative analysis of the political programs of the main parties entered in the electoral competition.
USR Governing Program
The political program of the Save Romania Union, also presented on the party’ website, approaches several items, including full transparency, reformation of the educational system, increasing the financing level of the Health system, consolidating the relationships with EU, NATO, Republic of Moldova and Ukraine and entering into Schengen. USR’s campaign slogan is “Finally, there is somebody you can rely on!”
USR supports the increase of the financing in educational system to make it capable to attract more competent teachers through better salaries, up to 6 percent of the GDP, as it is provided by the National Education Law.
It also supports the involvement of the local administration in financing the education, more than in the educational infrastructure, for instance through granting bonuses for the educational units based on performance criteria and inclusion, or for the teachers wo opt for jobs away from home, such as the settlement of the rent, of the maintenance costs of housing or transportation costs.
The reform of the curriculum
It supports the encouragement of children’s creativity and providing a wide curriculum in the IT field. The educational system should also be more practical, more applied, interdisciplinary, focused on solving real problems, not only on theory, so that students will be more interested about the content and understand the relevance of the subject in the real world. We also propose the possibility that students will have a higher level of freedom in choosing their own way, a wider offer than “sciences” and “arts”, depending on the interests, hobbies, skills and needs.
An ignored matter in Romania in the last 26 years regards the non-vocational education related to day-to-day life issues, such as: financial education, civic education and artistic education.
We support the establishment and development of the vocational schools attached to the industrial clusters, thus solving two issues: the lack of the skilled labor for employers and the lack of jobs and educational opportunities for employees.
We propose measures from which both of the groups will benefit, including: providing grants to the companies developing training programs in the workplace, tax deductions for the entrepreneurs hiring vocational education graduates, creating public-private partnerships through which qualified teachers in the private educational environment will be paid from the budget, paid internships for students, recognizing the professional practice hours as experience in the field and the possibility to obtain the baccalaureate diploma.
Increasing the financing level
In the medium term (in the next 2 to 4 years), budget allocation for health must reach at least 6% of the GDP by an annual gradual increase, and then, these expenses must be maintained and increased by a coherent manner through multiannual budgets.
The Romanian hospital network must be considered, dimensioned and geographically placed according to the patients’ needs and to their distribution across the country. Designing a National Plan of the Hospital Services (of the Hospitals) is needed, a plan that should be aligned to the international strategies related to maintaining services delivery at the central level in Bucharest and in regional centers, creating centers of excellence, making smaller general hospitals operational, decentralized services where they are appropriate.
We support measures designed to increase the efficiency of the hospitals’ functionality, such as: professional management in hospitals, decentralizing the health management and clearly delegating responsibilities for the decisions related to investments, so that hospital managers can take the right decisions related to personnel and expenses without being politically threatened from the center.
The fight against theft and corruption
We militate for a democratic electoral system that doesn’t restrain the access to the public dignity. To this end, we support a lower number of needed signatures for the proposal of the candidacy for all types of elections; allowing local parties to exist at the localities’ level, by conditioning the existence of the local party of presenting candidates exclusively in the locality; electing mayors and county councils presidents in two rounds; stabilizing the electoral lists in conjunction with stabilizing data in the National Registry of Persons; lower electoral thresholds.
We also plead for cancelling the special pensions, which don’t have anything related to the contribution to the system, and for removing immunity of the parliamentarians for activities that don’t have anything related to the free expression of political opinions.
We fight against corruption through an independent, powerful and predictable judiciary which we’ll always support, as well as through increasing the transparency of the state institutions’ functioning and of spending public money.
We propose a reform of the public procurement system that legislates the standardization of the prices at which public authorities can procure goods and services for current use, as well as the strict application of a “black list” which contains the companies and their shareholders who have already defrauded the state.
The fight against bureaucracy
We need to adopt a single salary grid in the public system, simultaneously t a general assessment of the public administration, considering the performant administrative management criteria: fairly defining the role and the purpose of the institutions, decreasing the number of contradictory or redundant institutions, the level of fulfilling the institutional objectives until today, the regular assessment of the departments based on the organizational and operational rules and regulations of the institutions and of the public servants, depending on the job description.
We also fight for establishing clear public priorities for a long-term and for sending money according to these priorities. It is imperative to establish the consensual establishing of national strategies in the key areas: education, health, public administration reform, transport, clear operational plans, published on the websites of the ministries in charge, so that any citizen can follow the fulfillment of the objectives in the fixed terms, and the investment projects should be implemented over the time regardless of who wins the elections.
PMP Governing Program
The electoral program of the People’s Movement Party proposes several solutions for resetting the health system, the educational system, for modernizing justice and encouraging private investments. The PMP campaign slogan is “PMP. Fight for Romania”.
People’s Movement Party supports the application of the National Education Law as adopted in 2011, a modern law that stops the expansion of the system’s abuses and supports depoliticizing the management in education, introducing evaluation standards for universities, establishing credible filters that will make plagiarism and deviations from the university ethics impossible, allocating resources in the higher education only based on the quality of the results, scientific production and admission of the graduates into the labor market, full transparency in the decisional acts of the schools and educational institutions, as well as staff salaries depending on performance, measured by the academic progress of the students.
Health Law, supported by the People’s Movement Party, proposes the following solutions for resetting the health system: transforming most of the hospitals into foundations belonging to the state, hiring doctors based on fixed term contracts, extending the contracts of the doctors who are performing, paying doctors according to their performance and fairly spending European funds in the patient’s benefit.
People’s Movement Party supports further reforms started by Traian Basescu on modernizing Justice in Romania, preventing any interference of the political factor into the judiciary, strengthening the activity of the National Anticorruption Directorate, of the DIICOT and of the Attorney General, in compliance with the human rights principles.
People’s Movement Party proposes granting discounts of 10 to 15 percent for the companies who pay taxes and fees in advance, thus ensuring an early collection to the state budget and a monetary gain for the trade companies. We need a Unique Bureau and an online system for establishing companies, as well as simplifying the accounting for SMEs.
People’s Movement Party also supports the creation of several financing programs for start-ups from European funds or non-reimbursable funds granted by the Romanian state, as well as establishing institutions that will support start-ups and micro-enterprises by a real manner, through consultancy, working spaces, business incubators managed and financed by the state, an operational e-desk, as well as the digitalization of the state institutions.
DEVELOPMENT THROUGH INVESTMENTS
People’s Movement Party supports the economic growth by encouraging private investments, the only ones that are capable to produce added value and a competitive economy. Law taxes that are easy to pay encourage taking the entrepreneurial risk and bureaucracy must be drastically reduced.
PRU Governing Program
United Romania Party proposes several solutions to solve “the serious problems” that our country faces.
Financing higher education
PRU program related to the higher education problems primarily aims to the efficiency and financing. The number of seats supported by the public budget in the state universities must be correlated to the labor market, as it evolves every year. PRU proposes a collaboration between the Ministry of Labor and the Ministry of Education in order for the Romanian school not to generate unemployed persons operating later in areas that are totally different from their academic preparation.
The exodus of the workforce
We need laws that provide incentive formulas for the employers to make them offer motivating salaries to the top graduates who have the option to leave the country at any moment, and to go in other countries where they could be better paid, thus encouraging young people to choose Romania for their future. PRU proposes incentive solutions to be adopted in order to provide the young top graduates with salaries that are close to the EU ones, which would significantly reduce the exodus of the Romanian intelligence to the rich countries.
- Implementing a philosophy for financing the health system that will stimulate performance and the quality of care, providing stability and predictability.
- Repositioning the medical staff inside the society according to the role and the benefits corresponding to their job.
- Designing a new law with a unitary conception
- Developing the education and prevention system
- Developing a system of community and home care services
- Stimulating and developing the primary health care competencies
- Rethinking the approach of the health programs related to prevention, treatment, monitoring and care
- Implementing the concept of “Doctor’s budget”
TAX AND BUDGETARY POLICY
Tax and budgetary policy must turn Romania into a friendly environment for investments, considering the competition between states in attracting capital invested in production, through encouraging and incentive measures. The fair treatment of the investors, alleviating the budgetary burden and simplifying the collection of taxes and fees are unique advantages for a state wanting to develop.
VAT must be competitive, compared to the countries in the region, to create an investment advantage for Romania.
The United Romania Party also supports a healthy competitive environment through the fairness of the taxpayers towards their obligations to the local and central budget, as well as through totally discouraging those who are not paying their taxes who become an unfair competitor for the honest players in the market.
ALDE Governing Program
ALDE electoral promises include 500,000 new jobs, establishing a new ministry (The Ministry of Repatriation of the Romanians Working Abroad), the Program of the EUR 100 billion in investments, as well as 20,000 new houses, until the year of 2020.
- An average annual growth of at least 5% of the GDP
- More than 5 million jobs (approx. 500,000 more jobs than today), exceeding the number of the pensioners from the social insurance system.
- Public investments of more than 6% of the GDP.
- Foreign investments of more than EUR 5 billion per year.
- An investment rate of 30% of the GDP.
- An appropriate increase in household incomes
- In 2020, the average net salary can reach RON 3,000, while the average pension could reach RON 1,500.
- What do we vote? What is Parliament and what the parliamentarians do?
The electoral campaign for the parliamentary elections of December 11 began on November 11. Almost 19 million Romanians ae expected to come to the polling stations across the country or abroad.
At the parliamentary elections we will vote our country’s Deputies and Senators by universal, equal, direct, secret and freely expressed vote, for a 4-year term. The Chamber of Deputies and the Senate form the Romanian Parliament.
As the Constitution provides, Parliament is the supreme representative body of the Romanian people and the only legislative authority of the country. Thus, Parliament represents the legislative power and is one of the three fundamental powers of the state, together with the judiciary (the Courts) and the executive power (the Government). In exercising their mandate, Deputies and Senator are serving the people, having the competence to adopt laws, decisions and motions. Although Deputies and Senators are the ones who must usually come with proposals of laws, the legislative initiative may also belong to the Government or to the citizens.
Senators and Deputies’ election is based on voting list and independent candidates. The list with candidates are proposed by the political parties, political alliances, electoral alliances or the organizations of the citizens belonging to national minorities participating to elections. The electoral system is based on the proportional representation. Thus, according to the Law no.208/2015, the representation norm for electing the Chamber of Deputies is of one Deputy for 73,000 residents, while for electing the Senate, the representation norm is of one Senator for 168,000 residents.
Therefore, in the parliamentary elections of this year, Romanians from abroad have more options to vote: by correspondence, by going to a polling station near their home or to the polling stations attached to the embassies, consulates, consular offices and cultural institutes of Romania from abroad.
How the voting will be conducted?
According to the electoral law, each voter has the right to one vote for electing the Senate and one vote for electing the Chamber of Deputies. The vote is secret and personal, being forbidden to vote in the name of another person. Also, it is forbidden to leave the polling station with stamps or ballots.
Voters will be electronically checked before exercising their right to vote. To this end, the Computer system for monitoring the turnout and for preventing the illegal voting will be used, having an important role in ensuring fairness in the electoral process, as well as the Computer application for verifying the right to vote, ensuring the processing of the identification data of the voters and their comparison with the already registered data. Further details about this system are available here.
The access of the voters in the voting room is made in series corresponding to the number of cabins. Before voting, the voter will present his/her identity card to a person from within the polling station, which will register the PIN in the computer system. Voters will vote separately, in closed cabins, applying the stamp bearing the mention “VOTED” in the square that includes their option. Then the ballot must be folded and introduced in the ballot box in such a manner that doesn’t allow the taken option to be visible. Otherwise, the ballot will be canceled and the voter will get only once a new ballot.
Two persons are not allowed in the same time in the voting cabin. In principle, the presence of any other person in the voting cabin is forbidden, but if a voter cannot vote by himself/herself for good reasons, he/she can choose a companion to help him/her. However, the chosen person cannot be an observer or a member of the electoral bureau.